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Botany: Special Databases

A guide for researchers of systematic and taxonomic botany, and those studying plant and fungal diversity.


Biodiversity Hotspots
"the 25 richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life on Earth." Search by name, or click on map to access vital statistics ecosystem, biodiversity, human impacts, and conservation information a detailed map and related links. A Modern Herbal A Modern Herbal e-version of Mrs. Maud Grieve's 1931 edition of A Modern Herbal, describes 800+ varieties of medicinal, culinary, and cosmetic herbs.

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)
biological databases, products, directories, guides maintained by Federal, state, and local government agencies, and private organizations.

Nature Conservancy
This group seeks to maintain natural habitats so that wildlife can flourish.

NSDL Scout Report for Life Sciences
National Science Foundation sponsored site provides updated lists of online resources for: Biology, Zoology, Botany, and other Life Science topics.

The complete work of Charles Darwin online
Darwin's complete publications and many handwritten manuscripts. 50,000+ text pages; 40,000 images.

National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)
molecular biology information, databases, access to journals and books, tools for analyzing genome data.


ABRS Flora Online:
Australian Biological Resources Study – botanical descriptions of the flora of Australia.

Botanicus Digital Library:
encyclopedia of historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library.

CalFlora Database:
native and introduced wild plants in California. Species accounts include CA distribution, habitat, specimen information, links to Jepson Manual. 

Descriptions of fungi and bacteria:
CABI Biosciencenincludes former International Mycological Institute (IMI) global taxonomy / information provider on fungi.
search selection of online floras with detailed botanical descriptions from around the world!

Flora Zambesiaca:
Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, a searchable database of a compilation of floras from south central Africa.

Harvard University Herbaria: Harvard University Herbaria Databases:
links to the International Plant Names Index, Botanists, Publications, and Specimens.

Harvard University Herbaria Digital Collections

International Plant Names Index:
IPNI collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, The Harvard University Herbaria, and the Australian National Herbarium.The International Plant Names Index.
IPNI names and bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes. data freely available, standardized.
IPN is a dynamic resource, depending on direct contributions by all members of the botanical community. The records in IPNI come from three sources: the Index Kewensis (IK), the Gray Card Index (GCI) and Australian Plant Names Index (APNI).

Internet Directory for Botany (IDB):
extensive directory of botanical web resources.

General links

Biodiversity Heritage Library:
consortium of the world's largest natural history libraries, includes digitized content.

Jepson Flora Project:
includes the Jepson Manual Online - the Flora Project site links to numerous databases and manuals.

JSTOR Global Plants:
online archive of plant specimens, photographs, drawings, prints, paintings, articles, correspondence, reference works, and other materials.

Kew Bibliographic Databases (KBD) -  access to:
KR - The Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature relating to vascular plants for...
PMBD - the Plant Micromorphological Bibliographic Database
EBBD - the Economic Botany Bibliographic Database

Kew - ePIC, Electronic Plant Information Centre:
search Kew Royal Botanical Gardens’ checklists, databases, bibliographies, and publications. Useful for taxonomic queries: search the International Plant Names Index and checklists.

Plant Information Online from the University of Minnesota -
Citations to Plant Info & Images - includes the Flowering Plant Index. Selected Links to Plant Info & Images. Plant and Seed Sources

The PLANTS Database:
species accounts, classification, distribution, and links to resources for plants occurring in the United States. Maintained by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Search names, specimens, references, images, and other resources from the Missouri Botanical Gardens.

Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps Checklist:
Directory of plant distribution maps, UC Berkeley’s Earth Sciences and Map Library.  

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