The Library collects materials across all subject areas in French, including history, linguistics, philosophy, and critical theory with notable strengths in all divisions of French literature, from the medieval period to the present. The Library also collects in the area of Francophone studies, including, but not limited to, material about Africa, the Caribbean, and French-speaking Canada. The French collection is limited to materials primarily published in France and Francophone Europe. Materials on French subjects published outside France are listed with their respective provenance.
Most French Studies reference materials are kept in Doe Library's North Reading Room. The major part of the collection is located in the Gardner (Main) Stacks with special collections materials in The Bancroft Library.