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The Origins of Europeans and Their Pre-Historic Innovations from 6 Million to 10,000 BCE by Neil HarrisonWho are we and where on earth do we come from? Scientists have traced back human ancestry to tropical Africa and small primates living in trees. But what happened after that has been hotly debated, and the accepted explanations have led down blind alleys. By putting aside theories anchored in religion and perceived political imperatives anchored in post-World War II guilt, we can hope to obtain a more accurate understanding of human origins. That is the goal of this book. The story starts 6 million years ago, when the small and timid animal that was our forerunner (and the chimpanzee’s) still existed. The narrative follows the evolution of our ancestors from then, through their great achievements, such as learning to walk on two legs, finding a profitable use for the two hands, learning to communicate and then actually talk. As our tools evolved, so did our bodies. Then 1.8 million years ago, some of these early ‘people’ strayed into Europe, surviving in a freezing world and encountering challenges hitherto unknown. This is the incredible story of how Europeans evolved and populated Eurasia and onwards to the Americas. The story brings the reader to the Mesolithic when cultures, towns and trades that we are familiar with today started to emerge. Anyone interested in European, Eurasian or Native American ancestry should read this book to discover how we really came to be who we are: a story as gripping as traditional versions such as Adam and Eve, Popul Vuh and Gaia.
Call Number: GN803 .H373 2019
Australia's first naturalists : indigenous peoples' contribution to early zoology by Penny Olsen and Lynette Russell.Would Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson have ever crossed the Blue Mountains without the help of the local Aboriginal people? The invaluable role of local guides in this event is rarely recognised. As silent partners, Aboriginal Australians gave Europeans their first views of iconic animals, such as the Koala and Superb Lyrebird, and helped to unravel the mystery of the egg-laying mammals: the Echidna and Platypus. Well into the twentieth century, Indigenous people were routinely engaged by collectors, illustrators and others with an interest in Australia's animals. Yet this participation, if admitted at all, was generally ƯƯbarely acknowledged. However, when documented, it was clearly significant. Penny Olsen and Lynette Russell have gathered together Aboriginal peoples' contributions to demonstrate the crucial role they played in early Australian zoology. The writings of the early European naturalists clearly describe the valuable knowledge of the Indigenous people of the habits of Australia's bizarre (to a European) fauna. Australia's First Naturalists is invaluable for those wanting to learn more about our original inhabitants' contribution to the collection, recognition and classification of Australia's unique fauna. It heightens our appreciation of the previously unrecognised complex knowledge of Indigenous societies
Call Number: GN476.76 .O47 2019
Studying the Image by Eloise Meneses; Serah Shani (Foreword by)The field of anthropology provides rich insights into the world of people and cultures. But it also presents challenges for Christians in the areas of cultural relativism, evolutionary theory, race and ethnicity, forms of the family, governments and war, life in the global economy, the morality of art, and religious pluralism. Most significantly it raises questions regarding the truth and how we can know it. This book provides the opportunity to investigate such questions with both the informed understanding of anthropological theory and ethnography, and the larger framework and commitment of Christian biblical and theological studies. So equipped, readers are encouraged to investigate for themselves the depths and intricacies of topics in anthropology that are especially relevant for Christians. ""Studying the Image is a display of faithfulness, both to Christ and to science. Anthropology raises challenging and uncomfortable questions . . . Hiebert Meneses dives into the hard questions, and emerges not only with thoughtful answers, but guidelines for serious and diligent inquiry."" --Jenell Paris, Professor of Anthropology, Messiah College ""Eloise Meneses, a well-seasoned Christian and anthropologist, has produced an important book that addresses key issues in the social sciences that Christians often find quite vexing. Dr. Meneses doesn't try to present 'pat answers' but rather encourages the reader to think critically about these important issues from both anthropological and theological perspectives. A great addition to the field of Christian anthropology."" --Steve Ybarrola, Professor of Cultural Anthropology, Asbury Seminary Eloise Meneses is Professor of Anthropology at Eastern University in the Philadelphia area. She is the author of Love and Revolutions: Market Women and Social Change in India (2007). She is also editor of the On Knowing Humanity Journal, and Director of the MA in Theological and Cultural Anthropology at Eastern.
Call Number: BT701.3 .M46 2019
Critical Ethnography by D. Soyini MadisonWhat is critical ethnography? How do we use theory to interpret research data? What is performance ethnography? You can find answers to these fundamental questions in D. Soyini Madison's engaging and highly multidisciplinary Third Edition of Critical Ethnography: Methods, Ethics, and Performance. The book presents a fresh new look at critical ethnography by emphasizing the significance of ethics and performance in the art and politics of fieldwork. The productive links between theory and method are celebrated in this title. Theoretical concepts range from queer theory, feminist theory, and critical race theory to Marxism and phenomenology. The methodological techniques range from designing and asking in-depth interview questions and developing rapport to coding and interpreting data. The various theories and methods culminate in three fictional ethnographic case studies that "enact" the interdependence between theory and method and the significance of social theory, ethics, and performance.
Call Number: GN345 .M324 2020
World Watching by Ulf HannerzThis book reflects on the author's distinguished scholarly career over half a century, linking personal biography to changes in the discipline of anthropology. Ulf Hannerz presents a number of important essays and a brand new chapter that allow readers to track developments in his own thinking and interests as well as broader changes in the field. In doing so he provides students with valuable insight into the research process and the building of an anthropological career. Featuring work conducted in the United States, Africa, Sweden, Hong Kong, and the Cayman Islands, the book spans a period in which anthropology adapted to new global circumstances and challenges. Hannerz covers the emergence of the fields of urban anthropology, transnational anthropology, and media anthropology in which he has played a significant role. The chapters demonstrate interdisciplinary openings toward other fields and bear witness to anthropology's connections to world history and to public debates. ;lt;/P>
Call Number: GN21.H266 A3 2019
Dhofar through the ages : an ecological, archaeological and historical landscape by Lynne S. Newton and Juris Zarins.Dhofar, the southern governorate of Oman, lies within a distinctive ecological zone due to the summer Southwest Monsoon. It is home to numerous indigenous succulent plants, the most famous of which is frankincense (Boswellia sacra). The region, tied in the past to both Oman and Yemen, has a long and distinguished archaeological past stretching back to the Lower Paleolithic ca. 1.5 my BP. Dhofar is also home to a distinctive people, the Modern South Arabian Languages speakers (MSAL) since at least the last 15,000 years. Ancient Zafar (Al-Habudi), now called Al-Baleed, and its successor Salalah was and is the province's largest city. From the seventh century onwards until the arrival of the Portuguese in 1504 AD Al-Baleed dominated the central southern Arabian coastline politically and economically. Archaeological surveys and excavations in the governorate, beginning in 1954, have brought to light Dhofar's ancient past.
Call Number: DS247.O63 N49 2019
The archaeology of Sulawesi : current research on the Pleistocene to the Historic period by edited by Sue O'Connor, David Bulbeck and Juliet Meyer.The central Indonesian island of Sulawesi has recently been hitting headlines with respect to its archaeology. It contains some of the oldest directly dated rock art in the world, and some of the oldest evidence for a hominin presence beyond the southeastern limits of the Ice Age Asian continent. In this volume, scholars from Indonesia and Australia come together to present their research findings and views on a broad range of topics. From early periods, these include observations on Ice Age climate, life in caves and open sites, rock art, and the animals that humans exploited and lived alongside. The archaeology presented from later periods covers the rise of the Bugis kingdom, Chinese trade ceramics, and a range of site-based and regional topics from the Neolithic through to the arrival of Islam. This carefully edited volume is the first to be devoted entirely to the archaeology of the island of Sulawesi, and it lays down a baseline for significant future research.
Call Number: DS646.47 .A73 2018
Funerary Archaeology and Changing Identities: Community Practices in Roman-Period Sardinia by Mauro Puddu'Funerary Archaeology and Changing Identities: Community Practices in Roman-Period Sardinia' examines three inter-woven research questions. The first one concerns a theoretical issue of how identities can be inferred from archaeology; the second asks what were the material relationships between communities of Sardinia and the Roman world's power and culture when based on the burial evidence on the ground; third question asked was how can the interpretive frameworks of today's world and symbolic structures affect our understanding of the past. These questions are approached through the detailed analysis of the funerary evidence from mostly unpublished burial sites from southern and central Sardinia that can become a key to an alternative interpretation of the island and of other Roman Provinces. The questions are answered throughout the book by drawing on social studies, particularly post-colonial approaches to the history of the past, interpretive frameworks on the Roman world, and semiotic theories. By in-depth look at the archaeological evidence from Sardinia's burials, the book retrieves the active and creative role played by the local communities in shaping of the Roman world within the specific material and historical conditions they lived in.
Call Number: GT3252.S37 P83 2019
Early Athens by Eirini M. DimitriadouThis volume is one of the most important works on ancient Athens in the last fifty years. The focus is on the early city, from the end of the Bronze Age--ca. 1200 BCE--to the Archaic period, when Athens became the largest city of the Classical period, only to be destroyed by the Persians in 480/479 BCE. From a systematic study of all the excavation reports and surveys in central Athens, the author has synthesized a detailed diachronic overview of the city from the Submycenaean period through the Archaic. It is a treasure-trove of information for archaeologists who work in this period. Of great value as well are the detailed maps included, which present features of ancient settlements and cemeteries, the repositories of the human physical record. Over eighty additional large-scale, interactive maps are available online to complement the book.
Call Number: DF275 .D404 2019
La Delimitación de Los Espacios Públicos en Pompeya by Noemí Raposo GutiérrezEsta obra se centra en el estudio de la delimitaci n de los espacios p blicos dentro de las murallas de Pompeya. Esta ciudad nos brinda la posibilidad de realizar un estudio de esta ndole, ya que es considerada una c psula del tiempo y podemos ver en ella el ejemplo m s claro de c mo se organizaba urban sticamente una urbe romana en el siglo I d.C. Para analizar la delimitaci n de todos estos espacios se ha llevado a cabo un estudio de los bloques irregulares de piedra (termini) que los delimitan. Estos termini estaban fuertemente protegidos por la legislaci n, por un derecho consuetudinario y por preceptos religiosos. Por ello, a todo aquel que osara mover o sobrepasar dichos termini con la construcci n de edificios se le impondr a una sanci n por parte de la ciudad e incluso en algunos casos por parte del emperador. This book focuses on the delimitation of public spaces within the city wall of ancient Pompeii. Because the original pattern and architectural structures of this city are so well preserved, it provides valuable insight into the urbanism of a Roman city of the 1st century AD. The delimitation of public spaces in the city has here been examined through a study of the boundary stones known as termini. These stones were strongly controlled by municipal legislation, but they were also protected by customary law and religious precepts. Those who damaged or moved the termini, or built their house or any other structure in such a way as to violate the delimiting line marked by the termini, had to pay a penalty, which was imposed by the municipal council or, in some cases, by the emperor.
Call Number: DG70.P7 R37 2018
Materiali Protostorici Dalla Grotta Vittorio Vecchi (Sezze Romano, LT) by Alessandro Guidi; Lucia RosiniIl libro presenta i risultati delle campagne di ricerca dirette dagli autori e consiste nella pubblicazione dei risultati dei loro scavi del 1988 e 1989 una grotta dell'Italia centrale, la Grotta Vittorio Vecchi (Sezze, LT). La grotta fu scoperta dagli speleologi e risult essere stata utilizzata come necropoli per pi di 40 membri di una comunit insediata nell'area e contenere materiale archeologico di rilevanza culturale e cronologica. Lo studio della ceramica e degli oggetti in bronzo (il "focus" del volume) ha permesso agli autori di datare l'utilizzazione della grotta tra l'antica e la media et del bronzo (all'incirca la prima met del secondo millennio a.C.), un dato che va d'accordo con il pi ampio contesto dell'utilizzazione funeraria e cultuale delle grotte. This book presents the results of field research campaigns led by the authors, and consists in a publication of the results of their 1988-1989 excavations in a cave in Central Italy, the Grotta Vittorio Vecchi (Sezze, LT). The cave, discovered by speleologists, turned out to have been used as the burial site for more than 40 members of a community living in the area, and to contain archaeological material of both cultural and chronological relevance. Study of the pottery and metal objects found (which form the focus of this volume) allowed the authors to date the utilisation of the cave to between the Early and Middle Bronze Age (that is, around the first half of the second millennium BC): a datum that agrees with the broader framework of the funerary and cultural use of caves in protohistoric central Italy.
Menstruation now : what does blood perform? by edited by Berkeley Kaite.Each of the 8 chapters in this volume addresses menstruation and/or menstrual blood in various media sites with a view to answering the question, what does blood perform? Menstrual blood may be enduringly feminine but it is never just one thing. Menstruation Now contains a chapter on advertising: the shifting "conversation" of menstruation in contemporary advertising leads to youtube videos and other online sources. Fiction: The central character in Alice Munro's short story, "Chance," discovers her period while on a train ride. Menstrual blood metaphorically spills over to inform the leaky narrative, the shape of the story, and the "female complaint." Legal Discourse: Both sides in the legal battle over whether Terry Schiavo (who had been in a persistent vegetative state) should live or have the right to die invoked the fact of her menstrual blood to signify what each wanted, i.e., different definitions of womanhood and life. Pornographic films: Menstrual blood in pornographic films is analyzed as a "para-text," what happens off-scene but is still caught on camera and becomes part of the fluidity of desire. A media icon: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's phantasized menstrual blood - her uterine utterance - is argued to take the place of the verbal utterances she wouldn't emit (she was a witness to, but wholly silent about, the assassination and her marriage before that). Art: Contemporary menstrual art is examined with a view to understanding how it exposes, normalizes and aestheticizes the phenomenological experience of bleeding. Film: Menstrual blood in Ingmar Bergman's film Cries and Whispers is seen as a liminal space of transition and ritual: both blood and liminality are charged with irrationality (and hence the potential for affirmation and re-performance). Television: Orange is the New Black (Netflix) contains comical plot-lines about menstruation and menstrual products in its prison setting. Unruly blood is analyzed in conjunction with characters - inmates - who are always-already unruly: they are in prison, i.e., in necessity of restraint. Feminine comedy itself is a challenge to discursive authority; menstrual blood in this context is positioned as a noisy disruption and reigned in by the small screen and the comedic apparatus. In sum, blood is performative and never means only one thing. It can thus, now as always, be performed again in the service of new meanings and experiences.
Call Number: GN484.38 .M46 2019
Imagining Queer Methods by Matt Brim (Editor); Amin Ghaziani (Editor)Reimagines the field of queer studies by asking "How do we do queer theory?" Imagining Queer Methods showcases the methodological renaissance unfolding in queer scholarship. This volume brings together emerging and esteemed researchers from all corners of the academy who are defining new directions for the field. From critical race studies, history, journalism, lesbian feminist studies, literature, media studies, and performance studies to anthropology, education, psychology, sociology, and urban planning, this impressive interdisciplinary collection covers topics such as humanistic approaches to reading, theorizing, and interpreting, as well as scientific appeals to measurement, modeling, sampling, and statistics. By bringing together these diverse voices into an unprecedented single volume, Amin Ghaziani and Matt Brim inspire us with innovative ways of thinking about methods and methodologies in queer studies.
Call Number: HQ75.16.U6 I43 2019
Roman Amphorae in Neuss: Augustan to Julio-Claudian Contexts by Horacio González Cesteros (Editor); Piero Berni Millet (Editor)The occupation of the territories on both sides of the Rhine was an enormous logistical challenge for the Roman military administration. In the last two decades of the first century BC, several territories were conquered or partially occupied by the Roman legions, establishing a large number of military camps around the Rhine and its important eastern tributaries. Most of these camps were occupied for short periods, depending on the march of the legions and the course of military events. In a location with good natural defences and communications with the Belgian hinterland, Neuss was one of the earliest points on the Rhine where the Roman military was positioned. The area was occupied--with some intervals--from 16 BC onwards by different legions as well as smaller units. This book provides an in-depth study of one of the most important archaeological artefacts for understanding the military supply along the German frontier: the amphorae. Deliveries arrived at the different military camps established in the intersection between Erf and Rhine from 16 BC until the Claudian principate. The study of this material is essential not only for understanding Neuss, but for further understanding of the whole Rhine and the logistics of the Roman army and its supply from very distant areas.
Call Number: DD53 .R66 2018
Singing and Survival by Dan BendrupsAn exemplary investigation into music and sustainability, Singing and Survival tells the story of how music helped the Rapanui people of Easter Island to preserve their unique cultural heritage. Easter Island (or Rapanui), known for the iconic headstones (moai) that dot the island landscape, has a remarkable and enduring presence in global popular culture where it has been portrayed as a place of mystery and fascination, and as a case study in societal collapse. These portrayals often overlook the remarkable survival of the Rapanui people who rebounded from a critically diminished population of just 110 people in the late nineteenth century to what is now a vibrant community where indigenous language and cultural practices have been preserved for future generations. This cultural revival has drawn on a diversity of historical and contemporary influences: indigenous heritage, colonial and missionary influences from South America, and cultural imports from other Polynesian islands, as well as from tourism and global popular culture. The impact of these influences can be perceived in the island's contemporary music culture. This book provides a comprehensive overview of Easter Island music, with individual chapters devoted to the various streams of cultural influence from which the Rapanui people have drawn to rebuild and reinforce their music, their performances, their language and their presence in the world. In doing so, it provides a counterpoint to deficit discourses of collapse, destruction and disappearance to which the Rapanui people have historically been subjected.
Call Number: ML3775.E27 B46 2019
The Anthropological Perspective of the World by Dominique DesjeuxWhat connection can there be between the Corps des Mines in France in the 1960s, the exhumation of the dead in Madagascar and sorcery in the Congo in the 1970s, mass distribution in France, urban riots on suburban estates, DIY in the United States in the 1990s, the rise of the Chinese middle class, uses of the SMS in Poland, shopping in Denmark, the economic crisis of 2008 and the emergence of competitive convergence in the 21st century between the West and Asia, starting from the year 2000, etc.? And yet all of these parts of the daily life of consumers, companies, administrations and citizens are linked by the invisible thread of globalisation. All of this gains a sense when we observe that a new global middle class of consumers is in the process of emerging and transforming the whole interplay of social forces which traverse all societies. This book presents an inductive method in action, as it has been put in practice in almost 50 years of qualitative investigations in fields, offices, trains, kitchens, bathrooms or living rooms, and in Europe, Asia, Africa, the United States and Brazil. The author promotes a new form of anthropology of modernity, showing that not everything in the life of society, the market, the family or the individual can be observed at the same time. The scale of observation needs to be changed in order to see things appear or disappear depending on the focal length chosen. Understanding the world requires mobile knowledge.
Call Number: GN345 .D47413 2018
How to Read Ethnography by Paloma Gay y Blasco; Huon WardleHow to Read Ethnography is an essential guide to approaching anthropological texts. It helps students to cultivate the skills they need to critically examine and understand how ethnographies are built up, as well as to think anthropologically and develop an anthropological imagination of their own. The authors reveal how ethnographically-informed anthropology plays a distinctive and valuable role in comprehending the complexity of the world we live in. This fully revised second edition includes fresh excerpts from key texts for analysis and comparison along with lucid explanations. In addition to concerns with argument, authority, and the relationship between theory and data, the book engages with the purpose, value, and accountability of ethnographic texts, as well as with their reception and usage. A brand new chapter looks at the kinds of collaboration between informants/consultants and anthropologists that go into the making of ethnographic writing.
Call Number: GN307.7 .B574 2019
The Normative Animal? by Neil Roughley (Editor); Kurt Bayertz (Editor)It is often claimed that humans are rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral creatures. What these characterizations may all have in common is the more fundamental claim that humans are normative animals, in the sense that they are creatures whose lives are structured at a fundamental level by their relationships to norms. The various capacities singled out by discussion of rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral animals might then all essentially involve an orientation to obligations, permissions and prohibitions. And, if this is so, then perhaps it is a basic susceptibility, or proclivity to normative or deontic regulation of thought and behavior that enables humans to develop the various specific features of their life form. This volume of new essays investigates the claim that humans are essentially normative animals in this sense. The contributors do so by looking at the nature and relations of three types of norms, or putative norms-social, moral, and linguistic-and asking whether they might all be different expressions of one basic structure unique to humankind. These questions are posed by philosophers, primatologists, behavioral biologists, psychologists, linguists, and cultural anthropologists, who have collaborated on this topic for many years. The contributors are committed to the idea that understanding normativity is a two-way process, involving a close interaction between conceptual clarification and empirical research.
Call Number: GN493.3 .N67 2019
Body Matters by Luci Attala (Editor); Louise Steel (Editor)Adopting a novel cross-disciplinary approach, this book demonstrates the value of understanding human bodies as fundamentally influenced and affected by the other materials available in diverse landscapes. Using a rich mix of ethnographic, archaeological and historical examples, it explores the creative roles materials have taken in shaping past and present people's bodies.
Understanding Lithic Recycling at the Late Lower Paleolithic Qesem Cave, Israel by Flavia VendittiFlakes, and small flakes in particular, are usually seen as by-products or debris of the knapping process, rather than as desired end-products with a specific potential use. In recent years, this particular category of small tools has attracted increasing interest among researchers, especially when focusing on technological aspects in Lower Palaeolithic contexts, while the functional role of these tools is still poorly investigated. 'Understanding Lithic Recycling at the Late Lower Palaeolithic Qesem Cave, Israel: A functional and chemical investigation of small flakes' examines Late Lower Palaeolithic Qesem Cave, Israel, where a particular lithic trajectory directed towards the production of small flakes by means of recycling and exploiting old discarded flakes as cores has been recognised. The high density of this production throughout the stratigraphic sequence of the cave demonstrates that this was a conscious and planned technological choice aimed at providing small and sharp items to meet specific functional behaviours, and that this lithic behaviour persisted for some 200 kyr of human use of the cave. The exceptional conservation of use-wear signs and residues has made it possible to reconstruct the functional role of this specific production system, highlighting its specialised nature mostly related to the processing of the animal carcasses through accurate and careful actions and in a very specific way. The application of functional analysis based on the determination of wear on artefacts by means of optical light microscope, scanning electron microscopy and chemical analysis (FTIR and EDX), provides a useful and effective approach for understanding the adaptive strategies of the Qesem Cave hominins while facing various situations and solving different needs.
Call Number: GN772.32.I75 V46 2019
Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology by Junko Habu (Editor); Peter V. Lape (Editor); John W. Olsen (Editor)The Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology focuses on the material culture and lifeways of the peoples of prehistoric and early historic East and Southeast Asia; their origins, behavior and identities as well as their biological, linguistic and cultural differences and commonalities. Emphasis is placed upon the interpretation of material culture to illuminate and explain social processes and relationships as well as behavior, technology, patterns and mechanisms of long-term change and chronology, in addition to the intellectual history of archaeology as a discipline in this diverse region. The Handbook augments archaeologically-focused chapters contributed by regional scholars by providing histories of research and intellectual traditions, and by maintaining a broadly comparative perspective. Archaeologically-derived data are emphasized with text-based documentary information, provided to complement interpretations of material culture. The Handbook is not restricted to art historical or purely descriptive perspectives; its geographical coverage includes the modern nation-states of China, Mongolia, Far Eastern Russia, North and South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and East Timor.
Arquitectura Religiosa en el Espacio Rural Del Reino de Sevilla by Omar Romero de la Osa FernándezDurante la expansi n de los reinos cristianos por la Pen nsula Ib rica en la Edad Media se produjo un cambio en las normas y costumbres sociales devenidas de un doble proceso de conquista y colonizaci n. La arquitectura ser una manifestaci n donde expresar los deseos y necesidades de la nueva sociedad cristiana. En este libro se aborda la cuesti n de la forma, la estructura y construcci n de la arquitectura eclesi stica tomando como caso de estudio el territorio de la Sierra de Aracena, una regi n del Reino de Sevilla conquistado durante el siglo XIII, a trav s de tres cuestiones: Qu condicionantes hist ricos y materiales plantean la configuraci n de las iglesias? Cu l era la forma de construir? y finalmente Qu respuesta t cnico constructiva tuvo?Para tratar de responder estas cuestiones se recurre al estudio de la t cnica constructiva a trav s de diferentes fuentes, principalmente las materiales a partir de los estudios arqueol gicos y de dise o de los edificios como el estudio geom trico de la planta, presentando un levantamiento completo as como de modelos 3D que muestran la informaci n de las iglesias siendo cotejadas y caracterizadas mediante textos consultados en diferentes archivos. The expansion of the Christian kingdoms through the Iberian Peninsula in the Middle Ages prompted a change in social norms and customs, resulting from the double process of conquest and colonisation. Architecture was one manifestation of the desires and needs of the new Christian society. This book examines the form, structure and construction of ecclesiastical architecture, taking as a case study the territory of the Sierra de Aracena, a region of the Kingdom of Seville conquered during the thirteenth century, by posing three questions: What historical and material constraints shaped the configuration of the churches? What was the approach to building them? And finally, what construction techniques resulted? To try to answer these questions the author embarks on a study of construction technique, drawing mainly on archaeological approaches such as geometric study of their floorplans, and here presents a complete survey, including 3D models that display the resulting information on the churches, which has been collated with reference to texts from a variety of archives.
Call Number: NA5803 .F47 2018
Brazaletes de Piedra Neolíticos en la Península Ibérica (VI-V Milenio A. C. ) by Francisco Martínez-SevillaEl uso de brazaletes de piedra es uno de los fen menos arqueol gicos m s destacado asociado a las primeras sociedades neol ticas en gran parte del Occidente Mediterr neo. Estos adornos se relacionan con el Neol tico Antiguo, caracterizado por el horizonte de las cer micas decoradas cardiales y otras impresiones. En este libro se presenta el estudio petrol gico, tecnol gico, tipol gico y traceol gico realizado a estos adornos en la pen nsula ib rica. Estos an lisis han permitido identificar culturalmente, a partir del uso, distribuci n y producci n de los brazaletes, dos grupos culturales con un desarrollo social diferente y paralelo. Estos grupos son los tradicionalmente denominados como el Neol tico andaluz y el Neol tico valenciano. La distribuci n geogr fica y cronol gica de los brazaletes los convierte en un definidor cultural de las sociedades del Neol tico Inicial en estos mbitos geogr ficos. De la misma forma, su artesan a, circulaci n y uso permite determinar parte del devenir socioecon mico de estas primeras poblaciones neol ticas. The use of stone bracelets is one of the most fascinating archaeological phenomena associated with the first Neolithic societies in most of the Western Mediterranean. These adornments are associated with the Early Neolithic, characterised by the advent of pottery with cardial and other impressed decorations. This book presents a petrological, technological, typological and traceological study of these bracelets in the Iberian Peninsula. Through these analyses, based on the use, distribution and production of the bracelets, the author identifies two cultural groups with different and parallel social developments. These groups are those traditionally known as the 'Andalusian Neolithic' and the 'Valencian Neolithic'. The geographic and chronological distribution of the bracelets makes them a cultural marker of Early Neolithic societies in these geographical areas. Similarly, analysis of their craftsmanship, circulation and use allows the author to determine aspects of the socioeconomic evolution of these first farming populations.
Call Number: GN776.22.I34 M37 2018
Qualitative Secondary Research by Theresa M. Morris; Claire LarganOrder your instructor′s e-inspection copyon VitalSource.Using secondary data offers unique opportunities and challenges. This practical book will guide you through finding, managing and analysing qualitative secondary data in an error-free way. Perfect for those doing dissertations and research projects, it provides an accessible introduction to the theory of secondary research and sets out the advantages and limitations of using this kind of research. Drawing on years of teaching and research experience, the authors · Offer step-by-step advice on how to use qualitative secondary data· Walk you through each stage of the research process· Provide practical, ethical tools to help you with your project· Show you how to avoid the potential pitfalls of using secondary data. Clear and easy to understand, this book is a ready-made toolkit for successfully using qualitative secondary data. From beginner level and beyond, this no-nonsense guide takes the confusion and worry out of doing a secondary research project.
Call Number: H62 .L37 2019
Thinking Anthropologically by Philip C. Salzman; Patricia C. RiceThinking Anthropologcially, is an invaluable companion to any introductory anthropology text. For, it focuses on the major themes that permeate all fields of anthropology, and helps students to do better, learn more, and better appreciate the anthropological way of looking at the world.
Call Number: GN33 .T45 2011
Te Koparapara by Suzanne Duncan (Editor); Gianna Leoni (Editor); Lachy Paterson (Editor); Matiu Tai Ratima (Editor); Michael Reilly (Editor); Poia Rewi (Editor); Lyn Carter (Editor)Ka rite te kopara e ko nei i te ata It is like a bellbird singing at dawn. Like the clear morning song of te koparapara, the bellbird, this book aims to allow the Maori world to speak for itself through an accessible introduction to Maori culture, history and society from an indigenous perspective. In twenty-one illustrated chapters, leading scholars introduce Maori culture (including tikanga on and off the marae and key rituals like powhiri and tangihanga), Maori history (from the beginning of the world and the waka migration through to Maori protest and urbanisation in the twentieth century), and Maori society today (including twenty-first century issues like education, health, political economy and identity). Each chapter provides a descriptive narrative covering the major themes, written in accessible formal English, including appropriate references to te reo Maori and to the wider Pacific. Chapters are illustrated with a mixture of images, maps and diagrams as well as relevant songs and sayings. Te Koparapara is an authoritative and accessible introduction to the past, present and future of the Maori world for students and general readers.
Call Number: DU423.S63 K56 2018
Decolonizing Research by Linda Tuhiwai Smith (Foreword by); Jo-Ann Archibald Q'um Q'um Xiiem (Editor); Jenny Bol Jun Lee-Morgan (Editor); Jason De Santolo (Editor)From Oceania to North America, indigenous peoples have created storytelling traditions of incredible depth and diversity. The term 'indigenous storywork' has come to encompass the sheer breadth of ways in which indigenous storytelling serves as a historical record, as a form of teaching and learning, and as an expression of indigenous culture and identity. But such traditions have too often been relegated to the realm of myth and legend, recorded as fragmented distortions, or erased altogether. Decolonizing Research brings together indigenous researchers and activists from Canada, Australia and New Zealand to assert the unique value of indigenous storywork as a focus of research, and to develop methodologies that rectify the colonial attitudes inherent in much past and current scholarship. By bringing together their own indigenous perspectives, and by treating indigenous storywork on its own terms, the contributors illuminate valuable new avenues for research, and show how such reworked scholarship can contribute to the movement for indigenous rights and self-determination.
Call Number: GN380 .D433 2019
Playing with Things: the Archaeology, Anthropology and Ethnography of Human-Object Interactions in Atlantic Scotland by Graeme WilsonThis book addresses the nature of play and its relationships with the world, as well as the relationships between people and objects. It begins with an account of ethnographic fieldwork among chess and card players in Edinburgh and Orkney and moves on to consider the findings in the light of archaeological sources. The work carried out amongst chess and card players led towards a more cognitive appreciation of these activities: how can the relationships between player and pieces be understood? It is suggested here that they are an example of 'active externalism', where cognition is not contained within the person but distributed in the immediate environment. The consideration of the role of gaming pieces leads towards an examination of the ways in which the manipulation of objects during play brings new and unexpected discoveries to the participants. The discussion addresses this theme in terms of bricolage and considers the placement of things singly and in sets. The archaeological review focusses for the most part on the first millennium AD in Atlantic Scotland. The nature of the evidence, and of our expectations of where play should be found, is examined critically. This study represents a reappraisal of the relationship between play -- an activity which is most often understood in terms of something 'set apart' -- and everyday life; it leads towards the conclusion that play is not in fact so separate as is often assumed.
Call Number: DA770 .W55 2018
From Boas to Black Power by Mark David AndersonFrom Boas to Black Power investigates how U.S. cultural anthropologists wrote about race, racism, and "America" in the 20th century as a window into the greater project of U.S. anti-racist liberalism. Anthropology as a discipline and the American project share a common origin: their very foundations are built upon white supremacy, and both are still reckoning with their racist legacies. In this groundbreaking intellectual history of anti-racism within twentieth-century cultural anthropology, Mark Anderson starts with the legacy of Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict and continues through the post-war and Black Power movement to the birth of the Black Studies discipline, exploring the problem "America" represents for liberal anti-racism. Anderson shows how cultural anthropology contributed to liberal American discourses on race that simultaneously bolstered and denied white domination. From Boas to Black Power provides a major rethinking of anthropological anti-racism as a project that, in step with the American racial liberalism it helped create, paradoxically maintained white American hegemony. Anthropologists influenced by radical political movements of the 1960s offered the first sustained challenge to that project, calling attention to the racial contradictions of American liberalism reflected in anthropology. Their critiques remain relevant for the discipline and the nation.
Jacob Kaplan's Excavations of Protohistoric Sites, 1950s-1980s by Avi Gopher (Editor); Ram Gophna (Editor); Ruth Eyal (Editor); Yitzhak Paz (Editor); Jacob KaplanJacob Kaplan was a dynamic field archaeologist and an original researcher of the Pottery Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods in the Levant. This volume contains a selection of Kaplan's unpublished fieldwork as well as a broad survey of the thoughts, theories, and considerations that have placed his work at the forefront of Israeli archaeology. Kaplan played an important role in shaping the archaeological sequence of the late prehistory of Israel, especially due to his discovery and description in the early 1950s of the Wadi Rabah culture-a major entity in the late Pottery Neolithic period. On a broader scale, Kaplan incorporated the Pottery Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods in Israel into the sequences of the late prehistory of the Levant and touched on the question of the end of the Neolithic period-one of the most intensive, creative, and transformative eras in human history. His views on some of the basic chronological and cultural issues of these periods endure to this very day. This two-volume collection accords Kaplan the full recognition he deserves as an original, leading investigator of the late prehistory of Israel.
Call Number: GN776.32.I75 G66 2017
Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220) Stone Carved Tombs in Central and Eastern China by Chen LiHan Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220) stone carved tombs were constructed from carved stone slabs or a combination of moulded bricks and carved stones, and were distributed in Central and Eastern China. Such multi-chambered stone tombs were very popular among the Han people, but they were entirely new, and were a result of outside stimuli rather than an independent development within China. The stone carved tombs were a result of imitating royal rock-cut tombs, while the rock-cut tombs were stimulated by foreign examples. Moreover, many details of stone carved tombs also had Western features. These exotic elements reflected the desire to assimilate exotica within Chinese traditions. Some details within stone carved tombs showed high level of stone working technologies with Western influences. But in general the level of stone construction of the Han period was relatively low. The methods of construction showed how unfamiliar the Western system was to the Han artisans. Han Dynasty stone carved tombs were hybrids of different techniques, including timber, brick and stone works. From these variations, Han people could choose certain types of tombs to satisfy their specific ritual and economic needs. Not only structures, but also pictorial decorations of stone carved tombs were innovations. The range of image motifs was quite limited. Similar motifs can be found in almost every tomb. Such similarities were partly due to the artisans, who worked in workshops and used repertoires for the carving of images. But these also suggest that the tombs were decorated for certain purposes with a given functional template. Together with different patterns of burial objects and their settings, such images formed a way through which the Han people gave meaning to the afterworld. As the Han Empire collapsed, stone carved tombs ceased being constructed in the Central Plains. However, they set a model for later tombs. The idea of building horizontal stone chamber tombs spread to Han borderlands, and gradually went further east to the Korean Peninsula. In this book, the origins, meanings and influences of Han Dynasty stone carved tombs are presented as a part of the history of interactions between different parts of Eurasia.
Call Number: DS748.13 .L53 2018
A GIS-Based Analysis of Hillfort Location and Morphology by Jessica MurrayMoving away from the highly constrained, purely humanistic and empirical studies of hillfort location and morphology of the past, this book presents a multi-regional GIS-based analysis of the form and siting of several groups of hillforts across Britain. The location and morphology of hillforts in Ceredigion, Dartmoor, Aberdeenshire, The Gower and Warminster are investigated through a combination of GIS-based analysis and field visits. An innovative approach of integrating movement with visibility is employed to investigate whether movement, visibility and topography influenced the location and morphology of these hillforts. This investigation emphasises the complexity of hillforts as a class of site. It demonstrates that GIS-based analysis, when combined with fieldwork, can effectively be applied to the investigation of hillfort location and form, paving the way for future research agendas within hillforts and beyond.
Call Number: GN780.22.G7 M87 2018
Genre et Hiérarchisation Dans le Monde Nord-Alpin, Aux âges du Bronze et du Fer by Caroline TrémeaudCet ouvrage pose la question des rapports masculin-f minin au sein des soci t s du monde nord-alpin (soit le nord-est de la France, la moiti sud de l'Allemagne, la Suisse, l'Autriche et la Boh me), pendant plus d'un mill naire (du Bronze final au milieu du second ge du Fer). L' tude de quelques n cropoles a mis en vidence l'existence d'une structure hi rarchis e de ces soci t s. Ce pr alable permet de poser la question de Grandes Femmes dans ces soci t s travers l'appr hension d'une lite, d finie par des s pultures ostentatoires. Un corpus de plus de 700 de ces s pultures a t analys , n cessitant la mise en oeuvre d'outils m thodologiques in dits permettant des interpr tations en termes de richesse et de genre puis d'en questionner les rapports. Les donn es fun raires ont t enrichies par les apports des donn es textuelles et iconographiques sur les soci t s nord-alpines, mais galement par l' tude des rapports de genre dans les soci t s contemporaines, voisines du monde nord-alpin et mieux document es. Tous ces l ments ont permis de pr ciser les fluctuations des rapports entre f minin et masculin, de mettre en vidence des moments d'ostentation importante du f minin et d'en tirer des hypoth ses interpr tatives sur les structures des soci t s nord-alpines envisag es. This book explores male-female relationships in the societies of the North Alpine world. The analysis is based on a corpus of more than 1000 graves spread across north-eastern France, southern Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Bohemia. The treatment of this corpus is twofold: the first part is dedicated to cemeteries, and reveals the existence of a social hierarchy in the societies that established them; the second part focuses on the elite graves that became more numerous from the Late Bronze Age through the middle of second Iron Age. The study of these burials required the development of methodological tools for interpreting the corpus in terms of wealth and gender, in order to question the relationships between male and female. The resulting funerary data has been supplemented with ancient textual and iconographical data, and broadened through an examination of gender relations in contemporary neighbouring societies of the North Alpine world. These elements enable the author to shed light on the developments that affected male-female relationships, as well as to highlight important periods in the emergence of women and, finally, to come to interpretative hypotheses about the social structures of the North Alpine societies under study.
Through the lens of cultural anthropology by Laura Tubelle de González.Addressing important and timely topics, including global climate change and the #MeToo movement, Through the Lens of Cultural Anthropology is a fresh and contemporary textbook designed to engage students in the world surrounding them. The book offers a sustained focus on language, food, and sustainability in an inclusive format that is sensitive to issues of gender, sexuality, and race. Integrating personal stories from her own fieldwork, the author brings her passion for transformative learning to students in a way that is both timely and thought provoking. Featuring learning objectives, glossary terms, and chapter summaries, Through the Lens of Cultural Anthropology also supplies students with review and discussion questions to guide their analysis of the topics raised. Beautifully illustrated with over sixty full-color images, including comics, the text brings concepts to life in a way sure to resonate with undergraduate readers.
Call Number: GN316 .G66 2019
The Case for People's Quantitative Easing by Francis Ford Coppola; Francesco CoppolaIn the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, central banks created trillions of dollars of new money, and poured it into financial markets. 'Quantitative Easing' (QE) was supposed to prevent deflation and restore economic growth. But the money didn't go to ordinary people: it went to the rich, who didn't need it. It went to big corporations and banks - the same banks whose reckless lending caused the crash. This led to a decade of stagnation, not recovery. QE failed. In this book, Frances Coppola makes the case for a 'people's QE', in which the money goes directly to ordinary people and small businesses. She argues that it is the fairest and most effective way of restoring crisis-hit economies and helping to solve the long-term challenges of ageing populations, automation and climate change.
Call Number: HG230.3 .C67 2019
Embodied Research Methods by Torkild Thanem; David KnightsDisembodied research erects false dichotomies between flesh and reason, and between the corporeal and the social. By contrast, Torkild Thanem and David Knights engage with approaches and practices that exploit the body's capacity to generate knowledge, craft lively accounts, and create fleshy concepts. These approaches enrich our understanding of how people live, work, and interact with their bodies within the social world. Thanem and Knights discuss methods, practices, and personal experiences which involve bodies in the research process - in generating and analysing empirical material, reflecting on the work they do as researchers, and turning research into written text.Embodied Research Methods is an important and practical resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students across the social sciences, and a thought-provoking read for researchers in these areas.