Primary sources are materials that were created during the time period being studied or created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied. They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period.
You may find primary documents from microcredit and development institutions' websites (e.g. BRAC, Grameen, and ASA) or from directory sites such as the Microfinance Gateway or the Grameen Trust Replication Program.
The following selection of activist groups seek to reform and/or critique international financial and development institutions. While such groups provide an interesting and passionate viewpoint, not all are not strictly academic, so please check with your faculty before using web sites in your research.
ActionAid USA. Advocates reforms in the areas of poverty reduction, trade, education, agriculture, and expenditure of IMF and World Bank funds.
Afrodad. Civil society organisation working to secure solutions to Africa's debt problems and development processes.
Bank Information Center. Partners with civil society to influence the World Bank and other international financial institutions (IFIs) to promote social and economic justice and ecological sustainability.
Bretton Woods Project. Works to scrutinise and influence the World Bank and IMF. Through briefings, reports and a bimonthly digest it monitors the projects, policy reforms and the overall management of the Bretton Woods institutions, with special emphasis on environmental and social concerns.
Centers of Concern. Faith-based Organization dedicated to "exploring global issues from an ethical perspective based on Catholic Social Teaching."
Development Today. Independent journal on aid, specialising on political, business and environmental issues related to Nordic and multilateral development assistance.
Friends of the Earth International. World's largest grassroots environmental network, with 5,000 activist groups on every continent. Includes the publicationbank notes which focuses on international banks and export credit agencies.
Focus on the Global South. Combines policy research, advocacy, and grassroots capacity building to generate critical analysis and encourage debates on national and international policies and to "dismantle oppressive economic and political structures and institutions."
GenderAction. Organization dedicated to promoting gender equality and women’s rights in International Financial Institution (IFIs), e.g. the World Bank.
Halifax Iniative. Goal to fundamentally transform the international financial system and its institutions, namely the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and export credit agencies.
International Accountability Project. Public interest organization offering legal support to people seeking to hold international financial institutions (IFIs) accountable for violations of environmental and human rights law.
International Forum on Globalization. Alliance of activists, scholars, economists, researchers and writers formed to stimulate new thinking, activity, and public education in response to economic globalization.
New Rules for Global Finance. Coalition of development, human rights, labor, environmental, and religious organizations and scholars dedicated to the reform of the global financial architecture.
One Campaign. International non-profit organization which aims to increase government funding for and effectiveness of international aid programs
Probe International. Canadian based group exposes the environmental, social, and economic effects of Canada's aid and trade abroad. Includes Odious Debts a section dedicated to challenging the legitimacy of third world debt browseable by country.
Third World Network. Non-profit international network of organizations involved in issues relating to development, the Third World and North-South issues.
Yale Global Online magazine Published by the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies --Yale's center for teaching and research on international affairs, societies, and cultures around the world.