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Algebraic Topology and basic homotopy theory form a fundamental building block for much of modern mathematics. These lecture notes represent a culmination of many years of leading a two-semester course in this subject at MIT. The style is engaging and student-friendly, but precise. Every lecture is accompanied by exercises. It begins slowly in order to gather up students with a variety of backgrounds, but gains pace as the course progresses, and by the end the student has a command of all the basic techniques of classical homotopy theory.
Bootstrapping : An Integrated Approach with Python and Stata by Felix BittmannBootstrapping is a conceptually simple statistical technique to increase the quality of estimates, conduct robustness checks and compute standard errors for virtually any statistic. This book provides an intelligible and compact introduction for students, scientists and practitioners. It not only gives a clear explanation of the underlying concepts but also demonstrates the application of bootstrapping using Python and Stata.
Call Number: QA276.8 .B58 2021
Contemporary Abstract Algebra by Joseph A. GallianFor more than three decades, this classic text has been widely appreciated by instructors and students alike. The book offers an enjoyable read and conveys and develops enthusiasm for the beauty of the topics presented. It is comprehensive, lively, and engaging.
The author presents the concepts and methodologies of contemporary abstract algebra as used by working mathematicians, computer scientists, physicists, and chemists. Students will learn how to do computations and to write proofs. A unique feature of the book are exercises that build the skill of generalizing, a skill that students should develop but rarely do. Applications are included to illustrate the utility of the abstract concepts.
Examples and exercises are the heart of the book. Examples elucidate the definitions, theorems, and proof techniques; exercises facilitate understanding, provide insight, and develop the ability to do proofs. The exercises often foreshadow definitions, concepts, and theorems to come.
Call Number: QA162 .G34 2021
Introduction to Time Series Modeling : With Applications in R by Genshiro KitagawaIntroduction to Time Series Modeling covers numerous stationary and nonstationary time series models and tools for estimating and utilizing them. The goal of this book is to enable readers to build their own models to understand, predict and master time series. The second edition makes it possible for readers to reproduce examples in this book by using the freely-available R package TSSS to perform computations for their own real-world time series problems. This book employs the state-space model as a generic tool for time series modeling and presents the Kalman filter, the non-Gaussian filter and the particle filter as convenient tools for recursive estimation for state-space models. Further, it also takes a unified approach based on the entropy maximization principle and employs various methods of parameter estimation and model selection, including the least squares method, the maximum likelihood method, recursive estimation for state-space models and model selection by AIC. Along with the standard stationary time series models, such as the AR and ARMA models, the book also introduces nonstationary time series models such as the locally stationary AR model, the trend model, the seasonal adjustment model, the time-varying coefficient AR model and nonlinear non-Gaussian state-space models. About the Author Genshiro Kitagawa is a project professor at the University of Tokyo, the former Director-General of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, and the former President of the Research Organization of Information and Systems.
Call Number: QA445 .A24 2020
Practices and Policies : Advocating for Students of Color in Mathematics by Pamela E. Harris; Aris WingerAs a natural follow up to “Asked and Answered: Dialogues On Advocating For Students of Color in Mathematics,” this book centers the personal narratives and contributions of mathematicians who deeply believe in the power of their advocacy work to bring positive change to the culture and climate of the mathematical community.
Moreover, continuing the important theme of 5% actionable change, the book centers over 300 tangible practices and policies to advocate for students of color in mathematics, compiled from participants in our professional development programming which answers the question “What can I do to advocate for students of color?”
After engaging with the book the reader will be equipped with numerous concrete suggestions for advocating for students of color, ways in which they can continue this work in spite of challenges that may arise, and most importantly, the reader will have the opportunity to reimagine what it means for them personally to be an advocate for students of color.
Call Number: QA13 .P698 2021
Category Theory and Applications : A Textbook for Beginners by Marco GrandisCategory Theory now permeates most of Mathematics, large parts of theoretical Computer Science and parts of theoretical Physics. Its unifying power brings together different branches, and leads to a better understanding of their roots. This book is addressed to students and researchers of these fields and can be used as a text for a first course in Category Theory. It covers the basic tools, like universal properties, limits, adjoint functors and monads. These are presented in a concrete way, starting from examples and exercises taken from elementary Algebra, Lattice Theory and Topology, then developing the theory together with new exercises and applications. A reader should have some elementary knowledge of these three subjects, or at least two of them, in order to be able to follow the main examples, appreciate the unifying power of the categorical approach, and discover the subterranean links brought to light and formalised by this perspective. Applications of Category Theory form a vast and differentiated domain. This book wants to present the basic applications in Algebra and Topology, with a choice of more advanced ones, based on the interests of the author. References are given for applications in many other fields. In this second edition, the book has been entirely reviewed, adding many applications and exercises. All non-obvious exercises have now a solution (or a reference, in the case of an advanced topic); solutions are now collected in the last chapter.
Introduction to Analysis with Complex Numbers by Irena SwansonThis is a self-contained book that covers the standard topics in introductory analysis and that in addition, constructs the natural, rational, real and complex numbers, also handles complex-valued functions, sequences, and series. The book teaches how to write proofs. Fundamental proof-writing logic is covered in Chapter 1 and is repeated and enhanced in two appendices. Many examples of proofs appear with words in a different font for what should be going on in the proof writer's head. The book contains many examples and exercises to solidify the understanding. The material is presented rigorously with proofs and with many worked-out examples. Exercises are varied, many involve proofs, and some provide additional learning materials.
Call Number: QA300 .S963 2021
Introduction to Math Olympiad Problems by Michael A. RadinIntroduction to Math Olympiad Problems aims to introduce high school students to all the necessary topics that frequently emerge in international Math Olympiad competitions. In addition to introducing the topics, the book will also provide several repetitive-type guided problems to help develop vital techniques in solving problems correctly and efficiently. The techniques employed in the book will help prepare students for the topics they will typically face in an Olympiad-style event, but also for future college mathematics courses in Discrete Mathematics, Graph Theory, Differential Equations, Number Theory and Abstract Algebra. Features Numerous problems designed to embed good practice in readers, and build underlying reasoning, analysis, and problem-solving skills. Suitable for advanced high school students preparing for Math Olympiad competitions"--
Call Number: QA43 .R34 2021
Uncountable : A Philosophical History of Number and Humanity from Antiquity to the Present by David Nirenberg; Ricardo L. NirenbergRanging from math to literature to philosophy, Uncountable explains how numbers triumphed as the basis of knowledge--and compromise our sense of humanity. Our knowledge of mathematics has structured much of what we think we know about ourselves as individuals and communities, shaping our psychologies, sociologies, and economies. In pursuit of a more predictable and more controllable cosmos, we have extended mathematical insights and methods to more and more aspects of the world. Today those powers are greater than ever, as computation is applied to virtually every aspect of human activity. Yet, in the process, are we losing sight of the human? When we apply mathematics so broadly, what do we gain and what do we lose, and at what risk to humanity? These are the questions that David and Ricardo L. Nirenberg ask in Uncountable, a provocative account of how numerical relations became the cornerstone of human claims to knowledge, truth, and certainty. There is a limit to these number-based claims, they argue, which they set out to explore. The Nirenbergs, father and son, bring together their backgrounds in math, history, literature, religion, and philosophy, interweaving scientific experiments with readings of poems, setting crises in mathematics alongside world wars, and putting medieval Muslim and Buddhist philosophers in conversation with Einstein, Schrödinger, and other giants of modern physics. The result is a powerful lesson in what counts as knowledge and its deepest implications for how we live our lives.
Call Number: QA21 .N574 2021
Elliptic Curves by J. S. MilneThis book uses the beautiful theory of elliptic curves to introduce the reader to some of the deeper aspects of number theory. It assumes only a knowledge of the basic algebra, complex analysis, and topology usually taught in first-year graduate courses. An elliptic curve is a plane curve defined by a cubic polynomial. Although the problem of finding the rational points on an elliptic curve has fascinated mathematicians since ancient times, it was not until 1922 that Mordell proved that the points form a finitely generated group. There is still no proven algorithm for finding the rank of the group, but in one of the earliest important applications of computers to mathematics, Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer discovered a relation between the rank and the numbers of points on the curve computed modulo a prime. Chapter IV of the book proves Mordell's theorem and explains the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer. Every elliptic curve over the rational numbers has an L-series attached to it.Hasse conjectured that this L-series satisfies a functional equation, and in 1955 Taniyama suggested that Hasse's conjecture could be proved by showing that the L-series arises from a modular form. This was shown to be correct by Wiles (and others) in the 1990s, and, as a consequence, one obtains a proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. Chapter V of the book is devoted to explaining this work. The first three chapters develop the basic theory of elliptic curves. For this edition, the text has been completely revised and updated.
Symbols and Things : Material Mathematics in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries by Kevin LambertIn the steam-powered mechanical age of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the work of late Georgian and early Victorian mathematicians came to depend on far more than the properties of number. British mathematicians came to rely on industrialized paper and pen manufacture, railways and mail, and the print industries of the book, disciplinary journal, magazine, and newspaper. Although not always physically present with one another, the characters central to this book--from George Green to William Rowan Hamilton--relied heavily on communication technologies as they developed their theories in consort with colleagues. The letters they exchanged, together with the equations, diagrams, tables, or pictures that filled their manuscripts and publications, were all tangible traces of abstract ideas that extended mathematicians into their social and material environment. Each chapter of this book explores a thing, or assembling of things, needed by mathematicians to do their work--whether a textbook, museum, journal, library, diagram, notebook, or letter--all characteristic of the mid-nineteenth-century British taskscape, but also representative of great change to a discipline brought about by an industrialized world in motion.
Call Number: QA24 .L36 2021
A Course in Complex Analysis by Saeed ZakeriA comprehensive graduate-level textbook that takes a fresh approach to complex analysis. A Course in Complex Analysis explores a central branch of mathematical analysis, with broad applications in mathematics and other fields such as physics and engineering. Ideally designed for a year-long graduate course on complex analysis and based on nearly twenty years of classroom lectures, this modern and comprehensive textbook is equally suited for independent study or as a reference for more experienced scholars. Saeed Zakeri guides the reader through a journey that highlights the topological and geometric themes of complex analysis and provides a solid foundation for more advanced studies, particularly in Riemann surfaces, conformal geometry, and dynamics. He presents all the main topics of classical theory in great depth and blends them seamlessly with many elegant developments that are not commonly found in textbooks at this level. They include the dynamics of Möbius transformations, Schlicht functions and distortion theorems, boundary behavior of conformal and harmonic maps, analytic arcs and the general reflection principle, Hausdorff dimension and holomorphic removability, a multifaceted approach to the theorems of Picard and Montel, Zalcman's rescaling theorem, conformal metrics and Ahlfors's generalization of the Schwarz lemma, holomorphic branched coverings, geometry of the modular group, and the uniformization theorem for spherical domains. Written with exceptional clarity and insightful style, A Course in Complex Analysis is accessible to beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates with some background knowledge of analysis and topology. Zakeri includes more than 350 problems, with problem sets at the end of each chapter, along with numerous carefully selected examples. This well-organized and richly illustrated book is peppered throughout with marginal notes of historical and expository value. Presenting a wealth of material in a single volume, A Course in Complex Analysis will be a valuable resource for students and working mathematicians.
Call Number: QA331.7 .Z35 2021
Gödel, Tarski and the Lure of Natural Language : Logical Entanglement, Formalism Freeness by Juliette KennedyIs mathematics 'entangled' with its various formalisations? Or are the central concepts of mathematics largely insensitive to ormalisation, or 'formalism free'? What is the semantic point of view and how is it implemented in foundational practice? Does a given semantic framework always have an implicit syntax? Inspired by what she calls the 'natural language moves' of Gödel and Tarski, Juliette Kennedy considers what roles the concepts of 'entanglement' and 'formalism freeness' play in a range of logical settings, from computability and set theory to model theory and second order logic, to logicality, developing an entirely original philosophy of mathematics along the way. The treatment is historically, logically and set-theoretically rich, and topics such as naturalism and foundations receive their due, but now with a new twist.
Call Number: QA9 .K46 2021
Linear Algebra and Its Applications by Tzuong-Tsieng MohFrom Tzuong-Tsieng Moh, a long-time expert in algebra, comes a new book for students to better understand linear algebra. Writing from an experienced standpoint, Moh touches on the many facets surrounding linear algebra, including but not limited to, echelon forms, matrix algebra, linear transformations, determinants, dual space, inner products, the Gram-Schmidt Theorem, Hilbert space, and more. It is ideal for both newcomers and seasoned readers who want to attain a deeper understanding on both the basics and advanced topics of linear algebra and its vast applications. The wide range of topics combined with the depth of each discussion make it essential to be on the shelf of every mathematical beginner and enthusiast.
Call Number: QA184.5 .M64 2021
Bounded Gaps Between Primes : The Epic Breakthroughs of the Early Twenty-first Century by Kevin BroughanSearching for small gaps between consecutive primes is one way to approach the twin primes conjecture, one of the most celebrated unsolved problems in number theory. This book documents the remarkable developments of recent decades, whereby an upper bound on the known gap length between infinite numbers of consecutive primes has been reduced to a tractable finite size. The text is both introductory and complete: the detailed way in which results are proved is fully set out and plenty of background material is included. The reader journeys from selected historical theorems to the latest best result, exploring the contributions of a vast array of mathematicians, including Bombieri, Goldston, Motohashi, Pintz, Yildirim, Zhang, Maynard, Tao and Polymath8. The book is supported by a linked and freely-available package of computer programs. The material is suitable for graduate students and of interest to any mathematician curious about recent breakthroughs in the field.
Call Number: QA246 .B743 2021
Generalizing the Regression Model : Techniques for Longitudinal and Contextual Analysis by Blair Wheaton; Marisa YoungThis comprehensive text introduces regression, the general linear model, structural equation modeling, the hierarchical linear model, growth curve models, panel data, and event history models, and includes discussion of published implementations of each technique showing how it was used to address substantive and interesting research questions. It takes a step-by-step approach in the presentation of each topic, using mathematical derivations where necessary, but primarily emphasizing how the methods involved can be implemented, are used in addressing representative substantive problems than span a number of disciplines, and can be interpreted in words. The book demonstrates the analyses in STATA and SAS.