Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy by Jagdish P. Singh (Editor); Surya Narayan Thakur (Editor)Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility. Covers even more applications of LIBS beyond the first edition, including combustion, soil physics, environment, and life sciences Includes new chapters on LIBS techniques that have emerged in the last several years, including Femtosecond LIBS and Molecular LIBS Provides inspiration for future developments in this rapidly growing field in the concluding chapter
Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science by Inamuddin (Editor); Rajender Boddula (Editor); Abdullah M. Asiri (Editor)Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Organic Synthesis in Water and Supercritical Water provides an in-depth review of purification and extraction methods for medicinal, analytical, engineering and bioactive compounds utilizing green chemistry protocols. It focuses on the synthesis of natural products and drugs, using industrial green solvents, water, supercritical water, and more. The book explores applications in organic synthesis and processing, including aqueous and non-aqueous promoted reactions. Aqueous media and supercritical water involved in organic synthesis are discussed for industrial use. Final sections cover green solvent assisted organic synthesis, such as addition, rearrangement, condensation, and more.
New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering by Alexandre Gomes Rodrigues (Editor)New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biomolecules: Properties, Relevance and Their Translational Applications presents a concise review on microbial biotechnology, along with impacts and recent results from research centers, small companies and large enterprises. The book brings the most relevant information on how we can use resources--in this case from microorganisms--and technology to develop solutions in fields like biofuels, food, cosmetics and medicine. It covers case studies of start-ups in the field and explains how scientists have moved their ideas into profitable bio-based products that are necessary for our current living standards. In addition, the book describes strategic governmental programs designed to exploit biomass in a sustainable way, along with detailed information on research in several high-impact, worldwide laboratories. It gives concrete examples of ongoing research from molecules to methods, such as L-asparaginase, extremophiles, new diagnostics tools and the analytical methods that have raised the quality of the data obtained, thereby boosting the so-called bioeconomy.
Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science by Inamuddin (Editor); Rajender Boddula (Editor); Abdullah M. Asiri (Editor)Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Sonochemical Organic Synthesis focuses on purification and extraction of organic, biological, and medicinal compounds using sonochemistry. It provides readers with an understanding of green ultrasound-assisted chemical synthesis for industrial applications. This book systematically explores the application of ultrasound in organic synthesis of all types and includes stereoselectivity, regioselectivity, oxidations, reductions, protection, deprotection, additions, condensation, coupling, C-X bond formation, named reactions, heterocyclics, biological drugs, and fluoroorganics over conventional techniques. A brief introduction to the parameters which influence the process, solvent-effects, supported reagents and catalysis and the pros and cons to the practical use of sonochemical protocols in organic synthesis are also discussed. This book provides overview on the applications of sonochemical technology for the sustainable and environmentally friendly development of synthetic methodologies for organic and pharmaceutical chemistry. Sonochemical Organic Synthesis is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working in modern organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.
Process Equipment and Plant Design by Subhabrata Ray; Gargi DasProcess Equipment and Plant Design: Principles and Practices takes a holistic approach towards process design in the chemical engineering industry, dealing with the design of individual process equipment and its configuration as a complete functional system. Chapters cover typical heat and mass transfer systems and equipment included in a chemical engineering curriculum, such as heat exchangers, heat exchanger networks, evaporators, distillation, absorption, adsorption, reactors and more. The authors expand on additional topics such as industrial cooling systems, extraction, and topics on process utilities, piping and hydraulics, including instrumentation and safety basics that supplement the equipment design procedure and help to arrive at a complete plant design. The chapters are arranged in sections pertaining to heat and mass transfer processes, reacting systems, plant hydraulics and process vessels, plant auxiliaries, and engineered safety as well as a separate chapter showcasing examples of process design in complete plants. This comprehensive reference bridges the gap between industry and academia, while exploring best practices in design, including relevant theories in process design making this a valuable primer for fresh graduates and professionals working on design projects in the industry. Serves as a consolidated resource for process and plant design, including process utilities and engineered safety Bridges the gap between industry and academia by including practices in design and summarizing relevant theories Presents design solutions as a complete functional system and not merely the design of major equipment Provides design procedures as pseudo-code/flow-chart, along with practical considerations
Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan by Sabu Thomas (Editor); Anitha Pius (Editor); Sreerag Gopi (Editor)The Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan: Composites and Nanocomposites from Chitin and Chitosan, Manufacturing and Characterisations, Volume Two, is a must-read for polymer chemists, physicists and engineers interested in the development of ecofriendly micro and nanostructured functional materials based on chitin and their various applications. The book addresses their isolation, preparation and properties, through composites, nanomaterials, manufacturing and characterizations. This is the second of three volumes in a series that contains the latest on the major applications of chitin and chitosan based IPN's, blends, gels, composites and nanocomposites, including environmental remediation, biomedical applications and smart material applications.
Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research by Vijai G. Gupta (Editor); Helen Treichel (Editor); Ramesh Chander Kuhad (Editor); Susana Rodriguez-Couto (Editor)Recent Developments in Bioenergy Research reviews all these topics, reports recent research findings, and presents potential solutions to challenging issues. The book consolidates the most recent research on the (bio)technologies, concepts and commercial developments that are currently in progress on different types of widely-used biofuels and integrated biorefineries across biochemistry, biotechnology, biochemical engineering and microbiology. Chapters include very recent/emerging topics, such as non-ionic and ionic liquids/surfactants for enhancement of lignocellulose enzymatic hydrolysis and lignocellulose biomass as a rich source of bio-ionic liquids. The book is a useful source of information for those working in the area of- industrial wastewater treatment and microbial fuel cells, but is also a great resource for senior undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, professionals, biochemical engineers and other interested individuals/groups working in the field of biofuel/bioenergy. Provides unique information on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research Outlines research advancements in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries Includes emerging topics on biomass (including wastes) characterization and its uses as a resource for environmental bioremediation and bioenergy Reviews enzyme engineering for biomass to bioproducts and biochemicals, lipids/bio-oil Focuses on biological/ biochemical routes, as these options have the greatest potential to be the most cost-effective methods for biofuel/bioenergy production