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Tensors for Data Processing presents both classical and state-of-the-art methods on tensor computation for data processing, covering computation theories, processing methods, computing and engineering applications, with an emphasis on techniques for data processing.
Semigroup Approach to Nonlinear Diffusion Equations by Viorel BarbuThis book is concerned with functional methods (nonlinear semigroups of contractions, nonlinear m-accretive operators and variational techniques) in the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations of elliptic and parabolic type. In particular, applications to the existence theory of nonlinear parabolic equations, nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations, phase transition and free boundary problems are presented in details. Emphasis is put on functional methods in partial differential equations (PDE) and less on specific results.
Call Number: QA377 .B275 2022
Topics in Infinite Group Theory : Nielsen Methods, Covering Spaces, and Hyperbolic Groups by Benjamin Fine; Anja Moldenhauer; Gerhard Rosenberger; Leonard WienkeThis book gives an advanced overview of several topics in infinite group theory. It can also be considered as a rigorous introduction to combinatorial and geometric group theory. The philosophy of the book is to describe the interaction between these two important parts of infinite group theory. In this line of thought, several theorems are proved multiple times with different methods either purely combinatorial or purely geometric while others are shown by a combination of arguments from both perspectives. The first part of the book deals with Nielsen methods and introduces the reader to results and examples that are helpful to understand the following parts. The second part focuses on covering spaces and fundamental groups, including covering space proofs of group theoretic results. The third part deals with the theory of hyperbolic groups. The subjects are illustrated and described by prominent examples and an outlook on solved and unsolved problems.
Call Number: QA178 .F56 2021
A Primer in Combinatorics by Alexander KheyfitsThe second edition of this well-received textbook is devoted to Combinatorics and Graph Theory, which are cornerstones of Discrete Mathematics. Every section begins with simple model problems. Following their detailed analysis, the reader is led through the derivation of definitions, concepts, and methods for solving typical problems. Theorems then are formulated, proved, and illustrated by more problems of increasing difficulty.
Call Number: QA164 .K48 2021
Landscape of 21st Century Mathematics : Selected Advances, 2001-2020 by Bogdan GrechukLandscape of 21st Century Mathematics offers a detailed cross section of contemporary mathematics. Important results of the 21st century are motivated and formulated, providing an overview of recent progress in the discipline. The theorems presented in this book have been selected among recent achievements whose statements can be fully appreciated without extensive background. Grouped by subject, the selected theorems represent all major areas of mathematics: number theory, combinatorics, analysis, algebra, geometry and topology, probability and statistics, algorithms and complexity, and logic and set theory. The presentation is self-contained with context, background and necessary definitions provided for each theorem, all without sacrificing mathematical rigour. Where feasible, brief indications of the main ideas of a proof are given. Rigorous yet accessible, this book presents an array of breathtaking recent advances in mathematics. It is written for everyone with a background in mathematics, from inquisitive university students to mathematicians curious about recent achievements in areas beyond their own.
Call Number: QA36 .G74 2021
Topological Groups and the Pontryagin-Van Kampen Duality : An Introduction by Lydia Außenhofer; Dikran Dikranjan; Anna Giordano BrunoThe series is devoted to the publication of monographs and high-level textbooks in mathematics, mathematical methods and their applications. Apart from covering important areas of current interest, a major aim is to make topics of an interdisciplinary nature accessible to the non-specialist. The works in this series are addressed to advanced students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. In addition, it can serve as a guide for lectures and seminars on a graduate level. The series de Gruyter Studies in Mathematics was founded ca. 35 years ago by the late Professor Heinz Bauer and Professor Peter Gabriel with the aim to establish a series of monographs and textbooks of high standard, written by scholars with an international reputation presenting current fields of research in pure and applied mathematics. While the editorial board of the Studies has changed with the years, the aspirations of the Studies are unchanged. In times of rapid growth of mathematical knowledge carefully written monographs and textbooks written by experts are needed more than ever, not least to pave the way for the next generation of mathematicians. In this sense the editorial board and the publisher of the Studies are devoted to continue the Studies as a service to the mathematical community. Please submit any book proposals to Niels Jacob.
A First Course in Stochastic Calculus by Louis-Pierre ArguinA First Course in Stochastic Calculus is a complete guide for advanced undergraduate students to take the next step in exploring probability theory and for master's students in mathematical finance who would like to build an intuitive and theoretical understanding of stochastic processes. This book is also an essential tool for finance professionals who wish to sharpen their knowledge and intuition about stochastic calculus. Louis-Pierre Arguin offers an exceptionally clear introduction to Brownian motion and to random processes governed by the principles of stochastic calculus. The beauty and power of the subject are made accessible to readers with a basic knowledge of probability, linear algebra, and multivariable calculus. This is achieved by emphasizing numerical experiments using elementary Python coding to build intuition and adhering to a rigorous geometric point of view on the space of random variables. This unique approach is used to elucidate the properties of Gaussian processes, martingales, and diffusions. One of the book's highlights is a detailed and self-contained account of stochastic calculus applications to option pricing in finance.
Call Number: QA274.2 .A74 2022
An Introduction to Lifted Probabilistic Inference by Guy Van den Broeck (Editor); Kristian Kersting (Editor); Sriraam Natarajan (Editor); David Poole (Editor)Recent advances in the area of lifted inference, which exploits the structure inherent in relational probabilistic models. Statistical relational AI (StaRAI) studies the integration of reasoning under uncertainty with reasoning about individuals and relations. The representations used are often called relational probabilistic models. Lifted inference is about how to exploit the structure inherent in relational probabilistic models, either in the way they are expressed or by extracting structure from observations. This book covers recent significant advances in the area of lifted inference, providing a unifying introduction to this very active field. After providing necessary background on probabilistic graphical models, relational probabilistic models, and learning inside these models, the book turns to lifted inference, first covering exact inference and then approximate inference. In addition, the book considers the theory of liftability and acting in relational domains, which allows the connection of learning and reasoning in relational domains.
Call Number: QA273 .I563 2021
Algebra by Paolo AluffiFrom rings to modules to groups to fields, this undergraduate introduction to abstract algebra follows an unconventional path. The text emphasizes a modern perspective on the subject, with gentle mentions of the unifying categorical principles underlying the various constructions and the role of universal properties. A key feature is the treatment of modules, including a proof of the classification theorem for finitely generated modules over Euclidean domains. Noetherian modules and some of the language of exact complexes are introduced. In addition, standard topics - such as the Chinese Remainder Theorem, the Gauss Lemma, the Sylow Theorems, simplicity of alternating groups, standard results on field extensions, and the Fundamental Theorem of Galois Theory - are all treated in detail. Students will appreciate the text's conversational style, 400+ exercises, an appendix with complete solutions to around 150 of the main text problems, and an appendix with general background on basic logic and naïve set theory.
Call Number: QA162 .A59 2021
Bernoulli's Fallacy : Statistical Illogic and the Crisis of Modern Science by Aubrey ClaytonThere is a logical flaw in the statistical methods used across experimental science. This fault is not a minor academic quibble: it underlies a reproducibility crisis now threatening entire disciplines. In an increasingly statistics-reliant society, this same deeply rooted error shapes decisions in medicine, law, and public policy with profound consequences. The foundation of the problem is a misunderstanding of probability and its role in making inferences from observations. Aubrey Clayton traces the history of how statistics went astray, beginning with the groundbreaking work of the seventeenth-century mathematician Jacob Bernoulli and winding through gambling, astronomy, and genetics. Clayton recounts the feuds among rival schools of statistics, exploring the surprisingly human problems that gave rise to the discipline and the all-too-human shortcomings that derailed it. He highlights how influential nineteenth- and twentieth-century figures developed a statistical methodology they claimed was purely objective in order to silence critics of their political agendas, including eugenics. Clayton provides a clear account of the mathematics and logic of probability, conveying complex concepts accessibly for readers interested in the statistical methods that frame our understanding of the world. He contends that we need to take a Bayesian approach--that is, to incorporate prior knowledge when reasoning with incomplete information--in order to resolve the crisis. Ranging across math, philosophy, and culture, Bernoulli's Fallacy explains why something has gone wrong with how we use data--and how to fix it.
Call Number: QA273.A35 C53 2021
Geometry and Topology of Surfaces by Sebastian BaaderThese lecture notes cover the classification of hyperbolic structures and measured foliations on surfaces in a minimalist way. While the inspiration is obviously taken from the excellent books Primer on mapping class groups and Travaux de Thurstonsur les surfaces , we tried to include a little bit more of hyperbolic trigonometry, including a proof of Basmajian s identity on the orthogeodesic spectrum, while keeping the rest short.
Call Number: QA612 .B33 2021
How to Think about Abstract Algebra by Lara AlcockHow to Think about Abstract Algebra provides an engaging and readable introduction to its subject, which encompasses group theory and ring theory. Abstract Algebra is central in most undergraduate mathematics degrees, and it captures regularities that appear across diverse mathematicalstructures - many people find it beautiful for this reason. But its abstraction can make its central ideas hard to grasp, and even the best students might find that they can follow some of the reasoning without really understanding what it is all about.This book aims to solve that problem. It is not like other Abstract Algebra texts and is not a textbook containing standard content. Rather, it is designed to be read before starting an Abstract Algebra course, or as a companion text once a course has begun. It builds up key information on fivetopics: binary operations, groups, quotient groups, isomorphisms and homomorphisms, and rings. It provides numerous examples, tables and diagrams, and its explanations are informed by research in mathematics education.The book also provides study advice focused on the skills that students need in order to learn successfully in their own Abstract Algebra courses. It explains how to interact productively with axioms, definitions, theorems and proofs, and how research in psychology should inform our beliefs abouteffective learning.
Call Number: QA162 .A38 2021
Regression and Other Stories by Andrew Gelman; Jennifer Hill; Aki VehtariMost textbooks on regression focus on theory and the simplest of examples. Real statistical problems, however, are complex and subtle. This is not a book about the theory of regression. It is about using regression to solve real problems of comparison, estimation, prediction, and causal inference. Unlike other books, it focuses on practical issues such as sample size and missing data and a wide range of goals and techniques. It jumps right in to methods and computer code you can use immediately. Real examples, real stories from the authors' experience demonstrate what regression can do and its limitations, with practical advice for understanding assumptions and implementing methods for experiments and observational studies. They make a smooth transition to logistic regression and GLM. The emphasis is on computation in R and Stan rather than derivations, with code available online. Graphics and presentation aid understanding of the models and model fitting.
Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Singularities by Masaaki Umehara [and three more]This book provides a unique and highly accessible approach to singularity theory from the perspective of differential geometry of curves and surfaces. It is written by three leading experts on the interplay between two important fields - singularity theory and differential geometry. The book introduces singularities and their recognition theorems, and describes their applications to geometry and topology, restricting the objects of attention to singularities of plane curves and surfaces in the Euclidean 3-space. In particular, by presenting the singular curvature, which originated through research by the authors, the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces is generalized to those with singularities. The Gauss-Bonnet theorem is intrinsic in nature, that is, it is a theorem not only for surfaces but also for 2-dimensional Riemannian manifolds. The book also elucidates the notion of Riemannian manifolds with singularities. These topics, as well as elementary descriptions of proofs of the recognition theorems, cannot be found in other books. Explicit examples and models are provided in abundance, along with insightful explanations of the underlying theory as well. Numerous figures and exercise problems are given, becoming strong aids in developing an understanding of the material. Readers will gain from this text a unique introduction to the singularities of curves and surfaces from the viewpoint of differential geometry, and it will be a useful guide for students and researchers interested in this subject.
Call Number: QA641 .U4413 2022
An Invitation to Combinatorics by Shahriar ShahriariActive student engagement is key to this classroom-tested combinatorics text, boasting 1200+ carefully designed problems, ten mini-projects, section warm-up problems, and chapter opening problems. The author - an award-winning teacher - writes in a conversational style, keeping the reader in mind on every page. Students will stay motivated through glimpses into current research trends and open problems as well as the history and global origins of the subject. All essential topics are covered, including Ramsey theory, enumerative combinatorics including Stirling numbers, partitions of integers, the inclusion-exclusion principle, generating functions, introductory graph theory, and partially ordered sets. Some significant results are presented as sets of guided problems, leading readers to discover them on their own. More than 140 problems have complete solutions and over 250 have hints in the back, making this book ideal for self-study. Ideal for a one semester upper undergraduate course, prerequisites include the calculus sequence and familiarity with proofs.
Call Number: QA164 .S495 2022
A First Course in Statistical Programming with R by W. John Braun; Duncan J. MurdochThis third edition of Braun and Murdoch's bestselling textbook now includes discussion of the use and design principles of the tidyverse packages in R, including expanded coverage of ggplot2, and R Markdown. The expanded simulation chapter introduces the Box-Muller and Metropolis-Hastings algorithms. New examples and exercises have been added throughout. This is the only introduction you'll need to start programming in R, the computing standard for analyzing data. This book comes with real R code that teaches the standards of the language. Unlike other introductory books on the R system, this book emphasizes portable programming skills that apply to most computing languages and techniques used to develop more complex projects. Solutions, datasets, and any errata are available from www.statprogr.science. Worked examples - from real applications - hundreds of exercises, and downloadable code, datasets, and solutions make a complete package for anyone working in or learning practical data science.
Call Number: QA276.45.R3 B73 2021
An Unbounded Experience in Random Walks with Applications by Michael F. ShlesingerThis volume comprises the author's account of the development of novel results in random walk theory and its applications during the fractal and chaos revolutions. The early history of probability is presented in an engaging manner, and peppered with pitfalls and paradoxes. Readers will find the introduction of Paul Lévy's work via Mandelbrot's Lévy flights which are featured uniquely as Weierstrass and Riemann random walks. Generalizations to coupled memories, internal states and fractal time are introduced at the level for graduate students. Mathematical developments are explained including Green's functions, inverse Mellin transforms, Jacobians, and matrix methods. Applications are made to anomalous diffusion and conductivity in amorphous semiconductors and supercooled liquids. The glass transition is discussed especially for pressure effects. All along the way, personal stories are recounted and special appreciations are made to Elliott Montroll and Harvey Scher for their ever-expanding influence on the field of non-equilibrium anomalous processes that now are found in topics including disordered materials, water table processes, animal foraging, blinking quantum dots, rotating flows, optical lattices, dynamical strange attractors and strange kinetics.
Call Number: QA274.73 .S55 2021
On Logic and the Theory of Science by Jean Cavaillès; Charles Ehresmann (Introduction); Gaston Bachelard (Foreword); Georges Canguilhem (Introduction)A new translation of the final work of French philosopher Jean Cavaillès. In this short, dense essay, Jean Cavaillès evaluates philosophical efforts to determine the origin-logical or ontological-of scientific thought, arguing that, rather than seeking to found science in original intentional acts, a priori meanings, or foundational logical relations, any adequate theory must involve a history of the concept. Cavaillès insists on a historical epistemology that is conceptual rather than phenomenological, and a logic that is dialectical rather than transcendental. His famous call (cited by Foucault) to abandon "a philosophy of consciousness" for "a philosophy of the concept" was crucial in displacing the focus of philosophical enquiry from aprioristic foundations toward structural historical shifts in the conceptual fabric.
Call Number: Q175 .C434 2021
Number Theory by Andrej Dujella; Petra Švob (Translator)Number theory is a branch of mathematics that is primarily focused on the study of positive integers and their properties. Thus it has often been considered as the "purest" branch of mathematics in the sense that it was the furthest from any specific application. However, nowadays number theory is considered to be one of the most important branches of mathematics for application in cryptography. This book is based on teaching materials from an undergraduate course Elementary Number Theory and graduate courses Diophantine equations and Diophantine Approximations and Application.