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A literature review surveys the scholarship on a particular topic, issue, or theory and provides a critical assessment of this literature. The purpose of a literature review is to provide a written argument that supports the thesis by giving a succinct overview of previous research published on a topic.
The Literature Review in four steps:
1. Identify the topic
Usually based on research interest
2. Find important works of scholarship related to the topic
seek advice from noted experts in the field
search article database
search library catalogs
review works cited pages - is there an author(s) consistently present
3. Evaluate and analyze the literature to determine which is most valuable to the topic
preview(skim and scan), select, and organize the data
4. Write the review
For a more in-depth guide to writing a literature review, please refer to the following site
SAGE Research Methods is the essential online resource for anyone doing research or learning how to do research. With more than 800 books, reference works, and journal articles from SAGE’s world-renowned research methods list, SAGE Research Methods provides information on writing a research question, conducting a literature review, choosing a research method, collecting and analyzing data, and writing up the findings.
SAGE Research Methods’ coverage spans the full range of research methods used in the social and behavioral sciences, plus a wide range of methods commonly used in science, technology, medicine, and the humanities.