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Using APA Style
The once familiar APA 6th style has been replaced, as of 2020, with a 7th edition. The new style manual includes some significant changes to formatting papers and has attempted to make language more inclusive and bias free. Among some of the new changes:
- DOIs are now formatted as URLs
- Authors no longer need to include the phrase "Retrieved from" before a URL
- The singular "they" is now endorsed by APA as a gender-neutral pronoun
- The running head on the title page no longer includes the phrase "RUNNING HEAD" and is no longer needed in student papers at all
- Use only one space after a period at the end of a sentence
- For more, see APA Guide: Summary of Changes from the University of Texas Arlington libraries
- Also consult the online Concise APA Handbook (2021) by Lida, Reugg, and de Boer
The cheat sheet from Purdue now reflects APA 7 but the Harvard guide still refers to APA 6. Also take a look at:
Print copies of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: The Official Guide to APA Style are available in the Doe Reference and the Social Research Library under BF76.7 P83 2020
Also helpful may be the following manuals which are available as ebooks:
Zotero Basics - online tutorial
For better visibility, click the Full Screen icon (second icon from right on the bottom of the screen).
Zotero (Before you get started)
Go to http://www.zotero.org
- Download Zotero 6 (for Windows, macOS, Linux)
- Install Browser Connector (for any browser - Firefox, IE, Chrome, etc.)
- Sync your account (Preferences > Sync with username/password - see Step 1)
Pro-tip: Use Zotero Standalone which means you have to download the software to your computer.