Open Science is an umbrella term for an approach to knowledge creation that favors transparency, inclusivity and reproducibility of all components of the research process.
In a traditional or “closed” science workflow the researcher may produce data, code, and methods, but generally only releases a paper. This paper is often located behind a paywall or requires payment to be published. While the final paper may or may not be accessible to other researchers or the public, the components or research outputs associated with the work often remain hidden.
Open Science offers a different approach encompassing is a set of practices such as:
Image credits: Ariel Deardorff, UCSF
At Berkeley, there are various resources to start you on your path towards open, transparent and reproducible research. We rely on many proprietary products in our day-to-day work, but there is no one-size-fits-all way of practicing open science. Be flexible, adaptable and curious in your approach!
UC Berkeley’s Research Data Management Program can help you with Data Management Plans, data sharing, backup and security, preservation and archiving.
UC Berkeley Library's Data Services Program can help you with questions related to data discovery and acquisition, access, sharing, and preservation.
Compare Dryad, Zenodo and other Repositories: https://zenodo.org/record/3946720
Writing: Make use of collaborative writing tools. Many of us use Microsoft Word or Google Docs as writing software.
More information: https://guides.lib.berkeley.edu/write-cite
Citing: Streamline your research and writing workflows by adopting reference management software (also known as citation management software).
More information: https://eps-libraries-berkeley.github.io/volt/Organizing/Reference_Management_and_Citations.html
Some fields have adopted the practice of preregistration, or registration, to publicly file hypotheses and research plans. Example:
There are many preprint sites available depending on your discipline and the focus of your article. In Earth Science, two examples are: EarthArXiv (Earth Science focused preprint site hosted by California Digital Library) and ESSOAR (Earth and Space Science Open Archive from the American Geophysical Union). Find a directory or preprint servers at ASAPbio.
Support for open access -