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What is Public Health?: This is Public Health

Definitions

What is Public Health from the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health:

"Public health protects and improves the health of individuals, communities, and populations, locally and globally."

This web site includes an Academic Program Finder.

What is Public Health from the American Public Health Association:

"Public health promotes and protects the health of people and the communities where they live, learn, work and play."

"Public Health is the science and the art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the social machinery which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health."

— From C E A Winslow, The Untilled Fields of Public Health (PDF), Science 51(1306): 23-33 (Jan. 9, 1920)

  • The mission of public health is "the fullfillment of society's interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy." 
  • The substance of public health is "organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health." 
  • The organizational framework of public health "encompasses both activities undertaken within the formal structure of government and the associated efforts of private and voluntary organizations and individuals." 

— From The Future of Public Health, Institute of Medicine. National Academy Press, 1988.

"Together, the [Surgeon General's] reports of the past four decades have expanded the very meaning of public health. They show that the definition of public health is not fixed but has changed over time, and changed the practice of medicine, as well, to include areas such as human behavior and mental health. That fact has broad implications for our understanding of health and risk, personal pleasure and social norms, science and moral standards, and individual freedoms and public policy." 

— From The Reports of the Surgeon General: Changing Conceptions of Public Health

This is Public Health

This is Public Health LogoThe campaign, This Is Public Health, is a way for Public Health students to demonstrate all the ways in which Public Health improves our lives.​

The Ten Essential Public Health Services

Equity is at the Heart of the 10 Essential Public Health Services (Revised, 2020)

  • Assess and monitor population health status, factors that influence health, and community needs and assets
  • Investigate, diagnose, and address health problems and hazards affecting the population
  • Communicate effectively to inform and educate people about health, factors that influence it, and how to improve it
  • Strengthen, support, and mobilize communities and partnerships to improve health
  • Create, champion, and implement policies, plans, and laws that impact health
  • Utilize legal and regulatory actions designed to improve and protect the public's health
  • Assure an effective system that enables equitable access to the individual services and care needed to be healthy
  • Build and support a diverse and skilled public health workforce
  • Improve and innovate public health functions through ongoing evaluation, research, and continuous quality improvement
  • Build and maintain a strong organizational infrastructure for public health

More, from The Public Health National Center for Innovations

Public Health Workforce

Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century (2003, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine, National Academies of Science)

"The extent to which we are able to make additional improvements in the health of the public depends, in large part, upon the quality and preparednenss of the public health workforce, which is, in turn, dependent upon the relevance and quality of its education and training. This report examines an essential component of the public health workforce — public health professionals."