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European Comics & Graphic Novels: Early Digitized Comics

This guide serves as a starting point for research on comics and graphic novels in the Romance languages of Western Europe.

Digitized Comic Collections

psst...! (Paris, 1899)

European and North American libraries and museums have been making efforts to preserve, digitize and make available early comic works.

  • La Cité internationale de la bande dessinée et de l'image
    Digital collections from Angoulême with links to Gallica holdings
  • La Press Satirique (Gallica)
    BnF's thematic portal to 19th and early 20th century satirical publications. Includes Le canard sauvage, La caricature, Le chat noir, Le journal amusant and more.
  • Works of Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (BNP)
    Political caricatures and satirical journals from the Biblioteca National de Portugal



Historical Comic Periodicals Online
(Note: Some may also be available in the Library, check catalog by title.)