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A Decision Framework for Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Board on Life Sciences; Ocean Studies Board; Committee on Interventions to Increase the Resilience of Coral ReefsCoral reefs are critical to ocean and human life because they provide food, living area, storm protection, tourism income, and more. However, human-induced stressors, such as overfishing, sediment, pollution, and habitat destruction have threatened ocean ecosystems globally for decades. In the face of climate change, these ecosystems now face an array of unfamiliar challenges due to destructive rises in ocean temperature, acidity and sea level. These factors lead to an increased frequency of bleaching events, hindered growth, and a decreasing rate of calcification. Research on interventions to combat these relatively new stressors and a reevaluation of longstanding interventions is necessary to understand and protect coral reefs in this changing climate. Previous research on these methods prompts further questions regarding the decision making process for site-specific interventions. A Decision Framework for Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs builds upon a previous report that reviews the state of research on methods that have been used, tested, or proposed to increase the resilience of coral reefs. This new report aims to help coral managers evaluate the specific needs of their site and navigate the 23 different interventions described in the previous report. A case study of the Caribbean, a region with low coral population plagued by disease, serves as an example for coral intervention decision making. This report provides complex coral management decision making tools, identifies gaps in coral biology and conservation research, and provides examples to help individuals and communities tailor a decision strategy to a local area.
THE BIOLOGY OF CORAL REEFS by Charles R. C. Sheppard (Contribs); S. K. Davy; Graham M. Pilling; Nicholas A. J. GrahamCoral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of income for millions of people. However, the combined effects of human activity have led to a rapid decline in the health of reefs worldwide, with many now facing completedestruction. Their world-wide deterioration and over-exploitation has continued and even accelerated in many areas since the publication of the first edition in 2009. At the same time, there has been a near doubling in the number of scientific papers that have been written in this short time aboutcoral reef biology and the ability to acclimate to ocean warming and acidification. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the significant increase in knowledge gained over the last decade whilst retaining the book's focus as a concise and affordable overview of thefield.The Biology of Coral Reefs provides an integrated overview of the function, physiology, ecology, and behaviour of coral reef organisms. Each chapter is enriched with a selection of 'boxes' on specific aspects written by internationally recognised experts. As with other books in the Biology ofHabitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this marine environment although pollution, conservation, climate change, and experimental aspects are also included. Indeed, particular emphasis is placed on conservation and management due to the habitat's criticallyendangered status. A global range of examples is employed which gives the book international relevance.
Call Number: QH95.8 .B56 2018
Island life: a natural history of Pulau Babi Tengah, Johor, Malaysia by . Batu Batu Resort Sdn BhdNine nautical miles off the east coast of peninsular Malaysia, strung along the middle arc of the Seribuat Archipelago, the roving eye will spot a clutch of sun-washed islands. Narrow the lens a little to focus on the middle island, Pulau Babi Tengah (or Middle Pig Island in the Malay language) named after the wild pigs that used to roam its lands.Set in the protected Johor Marine Park, the island, better known by its shortened name of Pulau Tengah, is three kilometres in circumference with an elevation of 150m at its highest point. Though just sixteen kilometres from the fishing town of Mersing, Johor, and 140km from Singapore, the island ticks every fantasy of an uninhabited paradise island. The beaches that encircle most of the island attract Green and Hawksbill turtles that land to lay their eggs from March to October. The translucent waters that surround the island are home to both coral reefs and meadows of sea grass which in themselves house rich marine life.Batu Batu sits on the southern end of the island and was built in the traditional Malaysian "kampung" or village style to blend into the natural landscape of the island. The resort aims to tread lightly in order to preserve the beauty of the island and its natural surroundings.To this end, Batu Batu has set up a variety of projects and funded a number of studies over the past years, including an ongoing collaboration with Malaysia's National Marine Parks Department and the Department of Fisheries for the conservation of turtles.This book sets out to document and share a broad overview of the natural history of Pulau Tengah. It is a dedication to the work of Batu Batu's staff and the various experts and nature lovers who have visited the island and contributed a little to its preservation.
Call Number: QH185 .I85 2018
Seascape Ecology by Simon J. Pittman (Editor)Seascape Ecology provides a comprehensive look at the state-of-the-science in the application of landscape ecology to the seas and provides guidance for future research priorities. The first book devoted exclusively to this rapidly emerging and increasingly important discipline, it is comprised of contributions from researchers at the forefront of seascape ecology working around the world. It presents the principles, concepts, methodology, and techniques informing seascape ecology and reports on the latest developments in the application of the approach to marine ecology and management. A growing number of marine scientists, geographers, and marine managers are asking questions about the marine environment that are best addressed with a landscape ecology perspective. Key topics and features of interest include: The origins and history of seascape ecology and various approaches to spatial patterning in the sea The links between seascape patterns and ecological processes, with special attention paid to the roles played by seagrasses and salt marshes and animal movements through seascapes Human influences on seascape ecology--includes models for assessing human-seascape interactions A special epilogue in which three eminent scientists who have been instrumental in shaping the course of landscape ecology offer their insights and perspectives Seascape Ecology is a must-read for researchers and professionals in an array of disciplines, including marine biology, environmental science, geosciences, marine and coastal management, and environmental protection.
Call Number: QH541.5.S3 S36 2018
Where Corals Lie by J. Malcolm ShickFor millennia, corals were a marine enigma, organisms that confounded scientific classification and occupied a space between the animal and plant kingdoms. Our cultural relationships with coral have been similarly ambiguous. The danger posed by unseen underwater reefs led to an association of coral with death and interment that has figured in literature, poetry, music, and film, while the bright redness of precious Mediterranean coral was associated in European and Indian mythology with its origins in blood and gore. And yet, coral skeletons have long been prized as jewelry and ornament, featuring prominently in Renaissance cabinets of curiosities. Opening the door onto these most peculiar of animals, this unique book treats the many manifestations of coral across biology, geology, and culture. Today, the tide of danger flows in reverse. Seen as rainforests of the sea, coral reefs have become emblematic of the fragility of marine biodiversity, their declining health a warning sign of the human-driven climate change that has produced warming seas, ocean acidification, and rising sea levels. Looking at corals as builders of islands and protectors of coastlines, as building materials themselves, as well as at the myriad ways in which diverse corals have come to figure in art, medicine, folklore, geopolitics, and international trade, Where Corals Lie reveals how the threatening has become threatened--and of the danger this poses to humans. Exceptionally embellished with a wide range of biological illustrations, underwater photography, and fine art, Where Corals Lie is a beautiful and informative resource for anyone interested in ocean environments and the cultures that flourish or fail there.