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You can still access the UC Berkeley Library’s services and resources during the closure. Here’s how.

Social Protest and the Free Speech Movement: Primary Sources

An Introduction to Research

Free Speech Movement - Primary Sources Online

Bancroft Library Free Speech Movement Digital Archive (some materials online) (home)

Chronology (from California Monthly magazine)

Full text online

Bibliography of Books (mostly primary sources)
Bibliography of Articles (primary Sources)
Oral Histories
Manuscript Collections (links to finding aids)
Reports and Studies
Legal Documents

Internet Archive - Search "free speech movement" or "mario savio" for videos and sound recordings


Free Speech Movement Archiveshome


Full Text online

American Radicalism (Michigan State University)

An online collection of digital texts and images from the American Radicalism collection at Michigan State University. Among the many subject areas included are the Hollywood Ten, Black Panthers, Birth Control, I.W.W., Ku Klux Klan, Wounded Knee and Students for a Democratic Society.


Library Databases for Primary Sources - Social Activism

Primary Sources - Authoritative Web Sites

Library of Congress:  American Memory

Browse by Topic:  (example:  Native American History, Women's History)

Online Archive of California

A searchable and browseable resource that brings together historical materials from a variety of California institutions, including museums, historical societies, and archives. Contains over 120,000 images; 50,000 pages of documents, letters, and oral histories; and 8,000 guides to collections. Images are organized into thematic and institutional collections, such as historical topics, nature, places, and technology.

Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement

GLBT Historical Society

Lesbian Herstory Archives


Primary Sources

Primary sources can be found in a variety of library tools:

For specific search strategies, see the Library's Guide to Finding Historical Primary Sources

Learn more about your topic in advance:

  • names of relevant individuals and organizations
  • dates of events
  • places
  • what terminology was used at the time by participants and observers? (ex:  negro or colored instead of african american)

Use the bibliographies of secondary sources and reference sources to find citations to specific primary sources; search OskiCat to locate them on campus, or ask for assistance at the Library.

Sample Searches for Primary Sources in OskiCat

Search OskiCat for primary sources using keywords and adding terms that denote primary sources, such as:

-personal narratives


1.   (keywords)  gay rights sources
       (subject)  gay rights united states history sources
       (keywords)  mexican american* vietnam* personal narratives

2.  Search individuals as author AND as subjects:

(author)  chavez, cesar
(subject)  chavez, cesar

3.   search by organizational author:

author:  black panther party

4.  Also try limiting by date:

advanced keyword

(keywords) homosexuality

language:  english

years:  1945  to 1970

sort by date

5.  limit by format:

(keywords)  american indian movement    pull down "entire collection" menu to "sound recordings"

Sample Searches - Primary Source Databases

Library home > Electronic Resources > By Type > Archival Collections and Primary Sources > Sixties:  Primary Documents and Personal Narratives

Browse > Browse Subjects > Themes (examples:  gay and lesbian movements; women's movements)


Search > All Subjects:  american indian (then select from list)
                                  :  alcatraz
                                  :  mexican

Finding Supreme Court Cases

Supreme Court cases

Opinions:     by year


Making of Modern Law: US Supreme Court Records and Briefs, 1832-1978

A fully searchable collection of briefs and other documents related to cases brought before the U.S. Supreme Court.  It contains over 150,000 cases and 350,000 documents.  Search results are linked to the actual full-text PDF documents.

Lexis-Nexis Academic (Supreme Court briefs 1936 - onwards).

click on Advanced Options; in the window that appears, next to Source, enter    U.S. Supreme Court Case Briefs; accept the suggested text; click on Apply

back at the search screen, enter your additional search terms; your search will be limited to Supreme Court briefs.

 Oral arguments:

    • Oyez Project:  Audio recordings of oral arguments before Supreme Court 1968 - 2010
      • selective before 1968 and after 2010
      • Briefs and opinions also selectively available.
    • Supreme Court of the US official web site:  transcripts of oral arguments 2000 - present
      • audio of oral arguments 2010 - present