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Comparative Study of Genocide: Governments


This page provides information on genocides and mass atrocities  provided by governments, with an emphasis on the United Nations, International Organizations, and the United States.  

United Nations & UN Hybrid Tribunals

To get started finding International Governmental Organization (IGO) human rights information you may wish to try the following IGO Custom Search Engine, which searches urls of International Governmental Organizations (IGOs).

IGO Custom Search Engine


United Nations Yearbook.  Searchable compilation of the primary UN reference volume, with the full text of the entire series from 1946. Each yearbook contains summaries of key UN activities, including several hundred pages on human rights.  

The International Criminal Court (ICC). Independent, permanent court that tries persons accused genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Prior to its creation, the UN established ad hoc tribunals to prosecute these types of crimes.

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Former United Nations court of law that dealt with war crimes that took place during the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s.

International Criminal Courts for the Former Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone. From GlobLex, an international law research network at NYU.

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. Special Cambodian Court Which Receives International Assistance Through the United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials (UNAKRT).

Major Human Rights Instruments (UNHCR).Includes texts of the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. See also the section on: War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity.

Residual special Court for Sierra Leone. Established by an agreement between the United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone to oversee the legal obligations of the Special Court after its closure in 2013. 

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR). Main UN body charged with addressing human rights issues. There is no section devoted to genocide and mass atrocities but a search will yield many relevant documents and reports. 

United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals. Legacy website of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide. Oversees the international community's efforts to enforce international rights norms, responsibility to protect (R2P) and the rights of civilian populations.

Other International Organizations

African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights. Quasi-judicial body tasked with promoting and protecting human rights throughout the African continent.

African Court on Human and People's Rights. Court established by African countries to ensure the protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa. It complements and reinforces the functions of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Council of Europe. See especially the European Court of Human Rights, the only international court where and invidual may bring a human rights complaint forward to an international court.

European Union (EU). Economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe.  

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. World's largest regional security organization offering documentation in the fields of early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, post-conflict rehabilitation. See the section on Human Rights.

Organization of American States. International Organization of member states in the Americas.  The section on human rights containts key OAS human rights commissions and documents.

United States

Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals.  Fifteen volume eries summarizing important proceedings taken against individuals accused of war crimes during World War II, excluding the major war criminals tried by the Nuremberg and Tokyo International Military Tribunals.

Nazi War Crimes & Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group.  Discusses over 8.5 million addtional records discovered relating to WWII war crimes

Nuremberg Trials.  From the Library of Congress. Political and military leaders of Nazi Germany, indicted for aggressive war, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, were brought to trial before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.

Proquest Congressional. U.S. congressional publications  back to 1789, including full text of published Congressional Hearings from 1824-present.

Records of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (Tokyo War Crimes Trials). The UC Berkeley libraries have an extensive collection of these proceedings.  Selections of papers from the prosecution are available from the University of VirginiaTokyo War Crimes Trial Digital Exhibition.