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Cowboys, Indians, and Aliens: White Supremacy in the Klamath Basin, 1826-1946: Where Do We Go From Here?

This guide accompanies the Charlene Conrad Liebau Library Prize 2016 Exhibit featuring prizewinner Andrea Ikeda's paper Cowboys, Indians, and Aliens: White Supremacy in the Klamath Basin, 1826-1946.
While Ikeda's research is rooted firmly in the past, it also has deep implications for our present and future. Her work pushes us to draw connections between historical periods, to think about how these legacies of injustice and violence continue to operate today, and to ask ourselves what steps we can take to create a better world.


​Decolonization in a settler society requires the recognition that all who are not Indigenous still benefit from the legacies of foundational settler violence through our existence on stolen and commodified land. Contrary to settler colonial mythology, Indigenous people and communities are still present and active, and we need to look to their leadership. For those of us in the East Bay, contributing to the Sogorea Te’ Land Trust is one way to support struggles for Indigenous sovereignty on Chochenyo/Karkin Ohlone land. Modoc Territory


A small, rural airport used for crop-dusting currently operates on the site of the former Tule Lake Segregation Center, and a proposed plan to build a fence around the airport property would restrict access and threaten the integrity of this landmark. Efforts to stop the fence have been spearheaded by the Tule Lake Committee, which recently completed its second phase of fundraising to restore the jail, one of the last remaining structures of the original concentration camp. To advance the Committee’s important work, please contact your U.S. Senators and urge them to support Senator Barbara Boxer’s legislation (S.2412) to elevate the Tule Lake site to the same federally protected status as two other WRA camps: Manzanar, CA and Minidoka, ID. 


Just as all people of Japanese ancestry (and even those perceived to have Japanese ancestry) were once suspected of “Emperor worship,” espionage, and sabotage, all Muslims and those perceived to be Muslims find themselves facing increasing suspicion, hostility, and systemic and interpersonal violence under the regime of “counterterrorism.” From the execution-style murders of Muslims in Chapel Hill, NC and Fort Wayne, IN to Donald Trump’s call to register all Muslims in a national database, the prospect of history repeating itself looms terrifyingly large. This research project examines two deeply entangled periods of white supremacist violence. We must all do what it takes to ensure there will never be a third.