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MCB 32: Introduction to Human Physiology: Race and racism in medicine: Scientific journal articles


An article database for searching many biomedical journals

PubMed logo

UC Berkeley faculty, staff, students, and campus visitors should use the UC Berkeley-specific instance of PubMed by accessing PubMed from links on library website pages (including this page). The UC-eLinks button or the Get it at UC button Get it at UC to access full text will be displayed on every article record.

PubMed search tips in a downloadable PDF format:

Handout for Advanced PubMed workshop:

PubMed search tips: Race and racism in medicine

PubMed search tips for information on race and racism in medicine:

  • Topic keywords: Search on the major concepts of the topic:
    • race, racism
    • medicine, medical, healthcare
    • disparity, inequality, inequity, unequal
    To retrieve the most comprehensive set of results, combine related concepts with OR (retrieves articles including either term) and distinct concepts with AND (retrieves articles including both terms):
    Example: (race OR racism) AND (medicine OR medical OR healthcare) AND (disparity OR inequality OR inequity OR unequal)
  • Disease: Combine with disease(s) or syndrome(s) of interest such as COVID-19:
    Example: (race OR racism) AND (medicine OR medical OR healthcare) AND (disparity OR inequality OR inequity OR unequal) AND (covid-19 OR sars-cov-2)
  • Review articles: Filter results to see only literature reviews by selecting Review under Article Type in the left-hand menu.
    Note: Applying a filter for article type may not retrieve some recent articles that have not yet been fully indexed.
  • Date range: Filter results to see only articles from a specific range of past years by selecting 1, 5, or 10 years under Publication Date in the left-hand menu.

Getting full text

Getting the Full Text of Articles

PubMed contains citations to resources, but doesn't include the full text of articles.

To get to the full text of an article from PubMed click on the article's title, and then on the UC-eLinks button (before July 27, 2021) or the Get it at UC button (July 27 and after) at the top right of the article page.

  • Note: To access subscription journals from off-campus you must use EZProxy or the VPN. See Connect from off-campus for more information.

After clicking the UC-eLinks or Get it at UC button, one of the following three things should happen:

  • You may be taken directly to the article, usually on the journal or publisher website. There you can read the article or book chapter as an HTML page in a web browser, or click a link to download a PDF of the article.
  • Sometimes you may be taken to the home page of the journal. There you can browse for the year and issue of the journal that contains the article by clicking on an All issues, Previous issues, Archive, or similar link.
  • You may be taken to a menu in UC Library Search from which you can select a link to access the article online:

    UC Library Search journal article online access link

If you are blocked from access to a specific life sciences journal article please contact Elliott Smith (see the For more help box).

For more help

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Elliott Smith
Bioscience, Natural Resources &
Public Health Library