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Justice and Equity in Transportation and Urbanism

Justice and equity manifests in many different ways in transportation and urbanism. This guide presents a number of resources to help you engage with the work necessary to make these systems just.

Readings on Transportation & Land Use, Spatial Mismatch

Readings on Land Use, Gentrification and Housing

Bates, L. K. (2019). Growth without Displacement: A Test for Equity Planning in Portland. In N. Krumholz & K. W. Hexter (Eds.), Advancing Equity Planning Now (pp. 21–43). Cornell University Press. https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501730399-004 (BIPOC author)

 

Blumenberg, E. (2004). En-gendering Effective Planning: Spatial Mismatch, Low-Income Women, and Transportation Policy. Journal of the American Planning Association, 70(3), 269–281. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944360408976378 

 

Dawkins, C., & Moeckel, R. (2016). Transit-Induced Gentrification: Who Will Stay, and Who Will Go? Housing Policy Debate, 26(4–5), 801–818. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2016.1138986

 

Grady, S., & LeRoy, G. (2006). Making the Connection: Transit-Oriented Development and Jobs. Good Jobs First. https://community-wealth.org/sites/clone.community-wealth.org/files/downloads/report-grady-leroy.pdf 

 

Grengs, J. (2010). Job accessibility and the modal mismatch in Detroit. Journal of Transport Geography, 18(1), 42–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.01.012

 

Grengs, J. (2012). Equity and the social distribution of job accessibility in Detroit. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 39(5), 785–800. https://doi.org/10.1068/b36097

 

Grube-Cavers, A., & Patterson, Z. (2015). Urban rapid rail transit and gentrification in Canadian urban centres: A survival analysis approach. Urban Studies, 52(1), 178–194. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098014524287

 

Hamidi, S., Ewing, R., & Renne, J. (2016). How Affordable Is HUD Affordable Housing? Housing Policy Debate, 26(3), 437–455. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2015.1123753 (BIPOC author)

 

Hersey, J. K., & Spotts, M. A. (2015). Promoting Opportunity through Equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD): Barriers to Success and Best Practices for Implementation (p. 76). Enterprise Community Partners. https://www.enterprisecommunity.org/resources/promoting-opportunity-through-equitable-transit-oriented-development-etod-barriers

 

Howland, S. (2020). “I Should Have Moved Somewhere Else”: The Impacts of Gentrification on Transportation and Social Support for Black Working-Poor Families in Portland, Oregon. Dissertations and Theses. https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/5479

 

Ihlanfeldt, K. R., & Sjoquist, D. L. (1998). The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: A Review of Recent Studies and Their Implications for Welfare Reform. Housing Policy Debate, 9(4), 849–892. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.1998.9521321

 

Jones, C. E., & Ley, D. (2016). Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver’s low-income SkyTrain corridor. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe Canadien, 60(1), 9–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/cag.12256

 

Kahn, M. E. (2007). Gentrification Trends in New Transit-Oriented Communities: Evidence from 14 Cities That Expanded and Built Rail Transit Systems. Real Estate Economics, 35(2), 155–182. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6229.2007.00186.x

 

Ong, P. M., & Miller, D. (2005). Spatial and Transportation Mismatch in Los Angeles. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25(1), 43–56. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X04270244 (BIPOC author)

 

Padeiro, M., Louro, A., & Costa, N. M. da. (2019). Transit-oriented development and gentrification: A systematic review. Transport Reviews, 39(6), 733–754. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2019.1649316

 

Pollack, S., Bluestone, B., & Billingham, C. (2010). Maintaining Diversity In America’s Transit-Rich Neighborhoods: Tools for Equitable Neighborhood Change. Dukakis Center for Urban and Regional Policy. http://housingtrustfundproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/TRNEquityFull.pdf

 

Rayle, L. (2015). Investigating the Connection Between Transit-Oriented Development and Displacement: Four Hypotheses. Housing Policy Debate, 25(3), 531–548. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2014.951674

 

Rosenthal, T. J. (2018, February 20). Op-Ed: Transit-oriented development? More like transit rider displacement. Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-rosenthal-transit-gentrification-metro-ridership-20180220-story.html

 

Sandoval, G. F. (2016). Making Transit-Oriented Development Work in Low-Income Latino Neighborhoods: A comparative case study of Boyle Heights, Los Angeles and Logan Heights, San Diego. http://dx.doi.org/10.15760/trec.160 (BIPOC author)

 

Sandoval, G. F. (2018). Planning the Barrio: Ethnic Identity and Struggles over Transit-Oriented, Development-Induced Gentrification. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 0739456X1879371. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X18793714 (BIPOC author)

 

Shipman, R. (2018). Who Wins and Who Loses? How Gentrification Caused by Public Transportation is Felt Differently Across Race. Politics Summer Fellows. https://digitalcommons.ursinus.edu/pol_sum/5 

 

Stehlin, J. G. (2015). Business Cycles: Race, Gentrification, and the Production of Bicycle Space in the San Francisco Bay Area [UC Berkeley]. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3mq6f0ct 

 

Taylor, B. D., & Ong, P. M. (1995). Spatial Mismatch or Automobile Mismatch? An Examination of Race, Residence and Commuting in US Metropolitan Areas. Urban Studies, 32(9), 1453–1473. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420989550012348 (BIPOC author)

 

Zuk, M., Bierbaum, A. H., Chapple, K., Gorska, K., & Loukaitou-Sideris, A. (2018). Gentrification, Displacement, and the Role of Public Investment. Journal of Planning Literature, 33(1), 31–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885412217716439