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Justice and Equity in Transportation and Urbanism

Justice and equity manifests in many different ways in transportation and urbanism. This guide presents a number of resources to help you engage with the work necessary to make these systems just.

Abonour, R. (2018). Vision Zero’s Enforcement Problem: Using community engagement to craft equitable traffic safety strategies. 


Aevaz, R. (n.d.). Op-Ed: Transportation and the Police Part 2: The Enforcement Problem in Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety. Retrieved August 12, 2020, from


Conner, M. (2017). Traffic Justice: Achieving Effective and Equitable Traffic Enforcement in the Age of Vision Zero Colloquium: Getting There from Here: An Exploration of Regionalism and Transportation in the United States. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 44(4), 969–1004. 


Conner, M. (2018, July 9). Racial Inequity in Traffic Enforcement. Medium.


Eger, R. J., Fortner, C. K., & Slade, C. P. (2015). The Policy of Enforcement: Red Light Cameras and Racial Profiling. Police Quarterly, 18(4), 397–413.


Epp, C. R., Maynard-Moody, S., & Haider-Markel, D. P. (2014). Pulled Over: How Police Stops Define Race and Citizenship. University of Chicago Press.


Farrell, W. (n.d.). Predominately black neighborhoods in D.C. bear the brunt of automated traffic enforcement. D.C. Policy Center. Retrieved August 12, 2020, from


Fliss, M. D., Baumgartner, F., Delamater, P., Marshall, S., Poole, C., & Robinson, W. (2020). Re-prioritizing traffic stops to reduce motor vehicle crash outcomes and racial disparities. Injury Epidemiology, 7.


Goncalves, F., & Mello, S. (2017). A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing [Working Paper].


Hayden, S. D. (2019). “Parking While Black”: Pretextual Stops, Racism, Parking, and an Alternative Approach Notes. Southern Illinois University Law Journal, 44(1), 105–142. 


Lopez, G. (2017, August 4). How harsh is your speeding ticket? A new study suggests it may come down to your race. Vox.


Nelson, L. J., & Print. (2020, June 22). Calls to defund the police spread to L.A.’s transit system. Los Angeles Times.


Quintanar, S. M. (2017). Man vs. machine: An investigation of speeding ticket disparities based on gender and race. Journal of Applied Economics, 20(1), 1–28.


Roe, D. (2020, July 27). Black Cyclists Are Stopped More Often Than Whites, Police Data Shows. Bicycling. 


Sanders, T., Rabinowitz, K., & Conarck, B. (2017, November 16). Walking While Black. ProPublica. (BIPOC author)


Seo, S. A. (2019). Policing the Open Road: How Cars Transformed American Freedom. In Policing the Open Road. Harvard University Press. (BIPOC author)


Taniguchi, T. A., Hendrix, J. A., Levin-Rector, A., Aagaard, B. P., Strom, K. J., & Zimmer, S. A. (2017). Extending the Veil of Darkness Approach: An Examination of Racial Disproportionality in Traffic Stops in Durham, NC. Police Quarterly, 20(4), 420–448.


West, J. (n.d.). Racial Bias in Police Investigations.∼jwest1/articles/West_RacialBiasPolice.pdf