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Justice and Equity in Transportation and Urbanism

Justice and equity manifests in many different ways in transportation and urbanism. This guide presents a number of resources to help you engage with the work necessary to make these systems just.

Methodologies and Tools for Transportation Engineering and Planning

Bills, T. S., & Walker, J. L. (2017). Looking beyond the mean for equity analysis: Examining distributional impacts of transportation improvements. Transport Policy, 54, 61–69. (BIPOC author)


Bills, T., Sall, E., & Walker, J. (2012). Activity-Based Travel Models and Transportation Equity Analysis. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2320, 18–27. (BIPOC author)


Brodie, S., & Amekudzi-Kennedy, A. (2017). Performance-Based Methodology for Evaluating Equity for Transportation System Users. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2605(1), 83–91. (BIPOC author)


Brown, C. T. (2020, February). 12 strategies for centering and prioritizing equity in transportation. ITE Journal, 90(2), 42–45. (BIPOC author)


Delbosc, A., & Currie, G. (2011). Using Lorenz curves to assess public transport equity. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(6), 1252–1259.


Federal Transit Agency. (2012). Title VI Requirements and Guidelines for Federal Transit Administration Recipients.


García, I. (2017). Learning about Neighborhood Identity, Streets as Places, and Community Engagement in a Chicago Studio Course. Transformations: The Journal of Inclusive Scholarship and Pedagogy, 27(2), 142–157. JSTOR. (BIPOC author)


Grengs, J. (2015a). Advancing Social Equity Analysis in Transportation with the Concept of Accessibility (No. 15–848). Michigan Population Studies Center.


Grengs, J. (2015b). Nonwork Accessibility as a Social Equity Indicator. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 9(1), 1–14.


Karner, A., & Golub, A. (2015). Comparison of Two Common Approaches to Public Transit Service Equity Evaluation. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2531, 170–179. 


Karner, A., & Niemeier, D. (2013). Civil rights guidance and equity analysis methods for regional transportation plans: A critical review of literature and practice. Journal of Transport Geography, 33, 126–134.


Martens, K., & Golub, A. (2018). A Fair Distribution of Accessibility: Interpreting Civil Rights Regulations for Regional Transportation Plans. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 0739456X18791014.


National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2020). Equity Analysis in Regional Transportation Planning Processes, Volume 1: Guide. The National Academies Press.


Norwood, C., & Cumming, G. (2012). Making Maps That Matter: Situating GIS within Community Conversations about Changing Landscapes. Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization, 47(1), 2–17.


Quick, K. S., & Feldman, M. S. (2011). Distinguishing Participation and Inclusion. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 31(3), 272–290.


Rowangould, D., Karner, A., & London, J. (2016). Identifying environmental justice communities for transportation analysis. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 88, 151–162.


Toole, J., Butler, T. L., & Chrzan, J. (2020, February). How to place equity at the center of our work. ITE Journal, 90(2), 37–41. (BIPOC author)


Tran, T., & Minh, B. (2014, January 14). HCMC’s sidewalk use should be model for urban communities: US professor. Tuoi Tre News.’s-sidewalk-use-should-be-model-for-urban-communities-us-professor/27686.html (BIPOC author)


Wei, R., Liu, X., Mu, Y., Wang, L., Golub, A., & Farber, S. (2017). Evaluating public transit services for operational efficiency and access equity. Journal of Transport Geography, 65, 70–79. (BIPOC author)


Yan, J. (2013). Rousing the Sleeping Giant: Administrative Enforcement of Title VI and New Routes to Equity in Transit Planning. California Law Review, 101(4), 1131. (BIPOC author)