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Justice and Equity in Transportation and Urbanism

Justice and equity manifests in many different ways in transportation and urbanism. This guide presents a number of resources to help you engage with the work necessary to make these systems just.

Readings on Transportation Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration

Barajas, J. M. (2019). Perceptions, People, and Places: Influences on Cycling for Latino Immigrants and Implications for Equity. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 0739456X19864714. (BIPOC author)


Barajas, J. M. (2020). Supplemental infrastructure: How community networks and immigrant identity influence cycling. Transportation, 47, 1251–1274. (BIPOC author)


Barajas, J. M., Agrawal, A. W., & Chatman, D. G. (2018). Immigration, Income, and Public Transit Perceptions: Findings from an Intercept Survey. Journal of Public Transportation, 21(2), 1–18. (BIPOC author)


Barajas, J. M., Chatman, D. G., & Agrawal, A. W. (2016). Exploring Bicycle and Public Transit Use by Low-Income Latino Immigrants: A Mixed-Methods Study in the San Francisco Bay Area. Mineta Transportation Institute. (BIPOC author)


Carpio, G. (n.d.). Collisions at the Crossroads. Retrieved August 16, 2020, from (BIPOC author)


Carpio, G. (2019). The Rise of the Anglo Fantasy Past: Mobility, Memory, And Racial Hierarchies In Inland Southern California,1870–1900. In Collisions at the Crossroads (1st ed., pp. 22–63). University of California Press; JSTOR. (BIPOC author)


Chatman, D. G. (2014). Explaining the “Immigrant Effect” on Auto Use: The Influences of Neighborhoods and Preferences. Transportation, 41(3), 441–461. 


Chatman, D. G., & Klein, N. (2009). Immigrants and Travel Demand in the United States: Implications for Transportation Policy and Future Research. Public Works Management & Policy, 13(4), 312–327.


Chatman, D. G., & Klein, N. J. (2013). Why Do Immigrants Drive Less? Confirmations, Complications, and New Hypotheses from a Qualitative Study In New Jersey, USA. Transport Policy, 30, 336–344.


Coughenour, C., Clark, S., Singh, A., Claw, E., Abelar, J., & Huebner, J. (2017). Examining racial bias as a potential factor in pedestrian crashes. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 98, 96–100. 


Goddard, T., Kahn, K. B., & Adkins, A. (2015). Racial bias in driver yielding behavior at crosswalks. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 33, 1–6. 


Golub, A., Marcantonio, R. A., & Sanchez, T. W. (2013). Race, Space, and Struggles for Mobility: Transportation Impacts on African Americans in Oakland and the East Bay. Urban Geography, 34(5), 699–728.


Klein, N. J., & Smart, M. J. (2017). Car Today, Gone Tomorrow: The Ephemeral Car in Low-Income, Immigrant and Minority Families. Transportation, 44, 495–510.


Lovejoy, K., & Handy, S. (2011). Social Networks As a Source of Private-vehicle Transportation: The Practice of Getting Rides and Borrowing Vehicles among Mexican Immigrants in California. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 45(4), 248–257.


Parks, V. (2016). Rosa Parks Redux: Racial Mobility Projects on the Journey to Work. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 106(2), 292–299.


Pitter, J. (2020, June 10). How do we respond to anti-Black racism in urbanist practices and conversations? – Canadian Urban Institute [Webinar]. (BIPOC author)


Seiler, C. (2006). “So That We as a Race Might Have Something Authentic to Travel By”: African American Automobility and Cold-War Liberalism. American Quarterly, 58(4), 1091–1117.


Sheller, M. (2020). Mobility justice. Handbook of Research Methods and Applications for Mobilities.


Urban Habitat. (2005, 2006). Moving the Movement | Reimagine! 

Allen, R., & Wang, J. (2020). Immigrant Legal Status and Commute Mode Choice for Hispanics in the United States. Journal of the American Planning Association, 0(0), 1–13. 


Valenzuela, A., Schweitzer, L., & Robles, A. (2005). Camionetas: Informal Travel Among Immigrants. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 39(10), 895–911. (BIPOC author)