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Economics: Data

Statistics & Numeric Data in Economics

This page lists selected sources of economic statistics and numeric data that are licensed by the UC Berkeley libraries or available freely on the web. The content is broken down by category:  Data Visualization;  International Macroeconomic; United States/Regional MacroeconomicInternational Trade; Companies & IndustriesDevelopment, Inequality & Investment; Demography & LaborEconomic HistoryEnvironmental Economics; Financial Data and Fundamentals; and Microdata.   

Portals where researchers deposit economic data, and gateways to search for it include:

  • Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR).  Rich data repository that hosts archived data from researchers and the government, as well as other depositors
  • Harvard Dataverse.  A Dataverse is an open source web application to share, preserve, cite, explore and analyze research data. Harvard's is the first and sort of like "dataverse central," with thousands of data sets across all academic fields but primarily in the social sciences. 
  • Kaggle.  Platform where data miners compete to produce models for predicting and describing datasets uploaded by users.
  • Statistics Sources. Directory to thousands of sources of quantitative information for U.S. and international statistical data

If you need help with learning statistical analysis, data cleaning, or assistance with programming the Library and the campus have partnered to provide learning opportunities in these areas:

  • LyndaOnline learning platform with videos and full courses covering software, technology, business and creative skills. Includes courses on Adobe and Microsoft tools, as well as a variety of other web, audio, video, IT, and education topics.
  • Peer Teaching and Consulting (DataPeers). A partnership between the Library and the Division of Data Science, DataPeers, provides assistance by undergrads for undergrads on a wide range of data, programming, and statistical analysis needs.
  • Berkeley D-Lab. Provides assistance to Berkeley faculty, staff and graduate students on various data analysis tools and methods. Also offers classes and research consultations appointments

A number of tutorials, e.g. from Princeton University and UCLA also provide helpful guidance and examples.  

United States National & Regional

Business Dynamics Statistics. Created from the Longitudinal Business Database (LBD), the BDS was developed by the U.S. Census Bureau, and partially funded by the Kauffman Foundation. Its sourcs are longitudinal and permit tracking establishments and firms over time. 

Center for Microeconomic Data. From the New York Federal Reserve. Databank includes data on consumer finance, student and household debt, credit cards, housing, delinquencies, auto loans and more.  Survey data with accompanying questionnaires.

Council for Community and Economic Research, the Regional Economic Data Toolkit. Detailed consumer price data at fine levels of geographic detail (city and county levels) as well as state expenditures by economic development functions (e.g. international trade and investment) and county indexes of economic diversity.

County Business Patterns.  Subnational economic data by industry, useful for studying the economic activity of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time.  Also available from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Data Planet. Provides access to data points from licensed and public domain datasets from local, state and international governments and organizations.

Economic Census.  Detailed portrait of the United States' economy every five years about business establishment statistics: number of establishments, sales, receipts, revenue, payroll, and employees at the city, county, state and national levels. See the Princeton University Guide to the Economic Census.

Economic Indicators. Monthly compilation prepared by the Council of Economic Advisors providing economic data on prices, wages, production, business activity, purchasing power, credit, money and Federal finance.

Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED). Portal for U.S. economic time series data from the St. Louis Federal Reserve. See also Fraser,  scanned images of U.S. historical economic statistical publications and other documents.

Historical Statistics of the United States.  Coverage begins with the colonial and pre-Federal period and goes up to 2000.  Excellent source of information for studying U.S. history, economics, politics, and other topics.

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Data. The NBER links and/or hosts several datasets of interest, including the NBER Macrohistory Database and many more.  Also serves as a gateway to frequently used datasets by academics and governments.

OECD Regional Data.  Set of indicators for hundreds of regions and metro areas in 30 OECD countries, with yearly time-series for demography, economies, labor markets, social indicators, and innovation.

Statistical Abstract of the United States. Summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Useful both as a volume for statistical reference and as a guide to sources of more information. 

United States Bureau of Economic Analysis.  Best place to look for US GDP and its components as well as prices, income, inflation, and special topics. Includes the Survey of Current Business (general business indicators, prices, domestic and foreign trade, labor force, employment and earnings, etc.)

United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.  (BLS). Data on inflation and prices, unemployment, productivity, wages, and much more. The BLS manages the Current Population Survey (see also IPUMS version), the National Longitudinal Surveys, and the Current Employment Statistics Program (Employment, Hours and Earnings).

United States Census Bureau.  The principal source of periodic U.S demographic data. Major programs include the Census of Population and Housing available via American Factfinder and the American Community Survey.

Companies and Industries

Alliance for Audited Media. Title-level statistics for newspapers, consumer magazines, business publications and farm publications back to 2013 in excel; historical figures can be found in reports and snapshots going back in some cases to 2003.(Audit Bureau of Circulations) [2004 - present]

Amadeus.  European financial database containing information on approximately 20 million companies from 43 countries, including all the EU countries and Eastern Europe.

Business Dynamics Statistics. Created from the Longitudinal Business Database (LBD), a database available to researchers throughout the network of Census Research Data Centers. Unique in that in that the data are longitudinal in nature and permit tracking of establishments and firms over time.

Business Monitor International (BMI). Data and analysis for a variety of industries. Coverage includes the U.S. and 50+ foreign countries.

CEIC Global. Database covering countries in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Data items include: National Accounts, Industrial, Sales, Construction-Property, Demographic-Labor, Domestic and Foreign Trade, Stock Markets, Banking, Inflation, Monetary, Forex, Investment, and more.

County Business Patterns. Sub-national economic data by industry, useful for studying the economic activity of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time. Also available from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Economic Census. Provides a detailed portrait of the United States' economy every five years about business establishment statistics: number of establishments, sales, receipts, revenue, payroll, and employees at the city, county, state and national levels. For a history of the economic census see the Princeton University Guide to the Economic Census.

EMIS Professional.  Company analysis, industry research, economic reports, forecasts, market dailies, macroeconomic statistics, deals, and financial reports for emerging market economies.

Euromonitor Passport.  Specializes on data and reports on consumer products and services, also includes data on industries and good data on economic conditions of cities.

Ibisworld. Useful database for industry-based research. Includes three sections for the United States, China, and global based industry reports.  Industry data is available in the United States by NAICS code.

Infogroup United States Historical Business Data. Geocoded records of millions of US businesses with information on each entity, such as contact information, industry, revenues, employees, and other data annually from 1997-2018. Data files are compressed and software such as 7-Zip is required to unzip them. ​The following files for using the data can also be accessed from the link above.

  • Layout Files in Excel and PDF formats.
  • Business Data Compilation (PPT) – InfoGroup slidedeck reviewing data collection practices.
  • Assignment of SIC and NAICS codes (PDF)
  • InfoGroup NAICS to SIC conversion (Excel)

OECDiLibrary. Large selection of data on many topics from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).  See especially the Industry section under OECDStat (Statistical Data).

Orbis/Mint Global. Contains information on over 200 million companies worldwide, both private and public. Data is standardized for easy cross-border comparisons. Includes companies' financial accounts, credit scores from a number of independent providers, directorships, ownership structures, and details of mergers and acquisitions activity.

SimplyAnalytics. Requires registration. Enables users to create professional quality maps and statistical reports using demographic, business and other data.  Establishment and firm level data from Dun and Bradstreet and allows users to locate US Company data at fine levels of geography.

S&P NetAdvantage. Reports and data about companies and industries, including industry and company profiles, stock, bond, and mutual fund analysis, and economic forecasts. Use the screening tool to obtain company fundamentals by industry for US states and countries.

S&P Capital IQAvailable to currently enrolled UCB students, faculty, and staff. Create an individual login before using; does not require EZProxy.  Public and private company financials and filings, private company information and investment details, M&A, industry surveys, screening and charting.

Statista. Provides access to facts on media, business, politics, and other areas. Sources of information include market research reports, trade publications, scientific journals, and government sources. Data may be downloaded into spreadsheets and presentations. Includes substantive industry reports.

UNIDO Statistics Data Portal.  International statistical data on industries and mining from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. 

United Nations Industrial Commodity Production Statistics Dataset, 1950-2003.  CD ROM Dataset of industrial commodity production statistics from 1950-2003, measured as production sold of each commodity within each country or territory. 

Development & Inequality

AID Data.  Data on development finance from bilateral and multilateral agencies at the project level. Includes data visualization tools, articles on development aid and geo-coded data sets at the project level.  

All the GINIS. Combined and standardized Gini data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), Socio-Economic Database for Latin America (SEDLAC), Survey of Living Conditions (SILC) by Eurostat, World Income Distribution (WYD), the World Bank, and more.

Barro-Lee Educational Attainment Data Set. Educational attainment data for 146 countries in 5-year intervals from 1950 to 2010. It also provides information about the distribution of educational attainment of the adult population over age 15 and 25 by sex by levels of schooling.

Center for Global Development Dataverse.  Works to change policies & practices of countries and institutions to reduce global poverty and inequality.

d-Portal. From the International Aid Transparency Initiative. Comprehensive open source data from hundreds of national governments, NGOs and multilateral organizations.

FAOSTAT. Data on agriculture, food supply, food security, prices, commodities, forest products, and fisheries from the FAO.

International Debt Statistics. Statistical data for countries reporting public debt to the World Bank. 

International Food Policy Research Instute (IFPRI). Data on a variety of agricultural and resource topics, including  hunger and poverty, social capital, livestock and more.

Human Development Report Statistics. Famous data from the United Nations Development Programme - the Human Development Index, Gender Development Index and more. 

New Gilded Age: Income inequality in the U.S. by state, metropolitan area, and county. A report by Estelle Sommeiller and Mark Price on historical income inequality by state. Go to the data set

OECD iLibrary. Leading International Organization for Foreign Aid data. Includes International Development Statistics.

Replication Data Wiki. Serves as a database of empirical studies, the availability of replication material for them and of replication studies.

UNCTADStat. From the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development. See also the World Investment Directory, which offers FDI data by country. Includes international commodity price data

UNCTAD-Eora Global Value Chain DatabaseExplore trends and patterns in international production through the analysis of global value chains (GVCs), i.e. fragmented and geographically dispersed production processes where different stages are located across different countries.

UN Data. Wide range of economic, social, cultural, and demographic indicators: population, environment, health, economics, technology, trade, refugees, and more.

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. International Investment Position. Detailed data on foreign direct investment involving the United States.

U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants (Green Book). Loans and grants from the US government each fiscal year by purpose and country.

World Development Indicators. Time series data from 1960 for 207 countries in the areas of population, labour, education, economics, the environment and much more.

World Income Inequality Database. From United Nations University. Information for over 182 countries on income inequalities at both cross-country and time series levels over the period 1950-2015, with a focus on the period since 1980. 

World Inequality Database.  Measures of wealth, income, income inequality, and wealth inequality for countries around the world.  The site library includes data sets, working papers, articles and book chapters, and the World Inequality Report.

Economic History

Archival Federal Reserve Economic Data (ALFRED).   Historical data on Money, Banking, & Finance, National Accounts, Population, Employment, & Labor Markets, Production & Business Activity, Prices, and International Data.

Cross-National Time-Series. Statistical information on a range of countries, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present. It offers a comprehensive extent of variables and country facts.  Available on workstation 1 in the Doe Library Data Lab.

EHNet Databases. Wide range of historical data sets from the Economic History Association: global financial data, wages, bond trading, early securities prices, developing country exports, historical labor statistics, and much more.  

European State Finance Database.  International collaborative research project for the collection, archiving and dissemination of data on European fiscal history across the medieval, early modern and modern periods.

Fraser.  Scanned U.S. historical economic statistical publications and other documents. Includes historical runs of the Economic Report of the President, banking and monetary statistics, the Budget of the US Government, Statisics on Income, the Survey of Current Business, and more.

Global Financial Data. Long runs of historical data on U.S. stock prices and macroeconomic data for the U.S. and foreign countries. 

Global Commodity Database. Data can be viewed by geographic market, currency, and commodity, and can be queried. Data is from approximately 1260 to 1914. Most data is from Europe but selected data also from South Asia, East Asia, and the Americas.

Global Price and Income History Group. Prices, wages, income, and measures of economic well-being for countries and cities around the world before 1950.   Focuses primarily on the middle ages. 

Jordà-Schularick-Taylor Macrohistory Database.  Macroeconomic data across a variety of sources. Covers 17 advanced economies from 1870 on an annual basis. Comprises 25 real and nominal variables. Among these  are financial variables such as bank credit to the non-financial private sector, mortgage lending and long-term house prices. 

Historical Annual Reports. Includes over 800 companies' annual reports available as searchable pdf images. Includes financial data, Fortune 500 ranking, industry classification, key people, geographic location, and more, from 1844 to present.

Historical Statistics of the United States. Coverage begins with the colonial and pre-Federal period and goes up to 2000.Excellent source of information for studying U.S. history, economics, politics, and other topics.

Infogroup United States Historical Business Data. Geo-coded records of millions of US businesses with basic information on each entity, such as contact information, industry, revenues, employees, and other data annually from 1997-2018. Data files are compressed and software such as 7-Zip is required to unzip the archives. ​The following files for using the data can also be accessed from the link above.

  • Layout Files in Excel and PDF formats.
  • Business Data Compilation (PPT) – InfoGroup slidedeck reviewing data collection practices.
  • Assignment of SIC and NAICS codes (PDF)
  • InfoGroup NAICS to SIC conversion (Excel)

International Historical Statistics (E-Book Version).. Historical l data for Asia, Oceania, Africa, the Americas, and Europe, from 1750. The digital equivalent of the three famous Mitchell volumes below..  

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). From the Minnesota Population Center. Microdata for censuses from the United States back to 1850 as well as other nations.  See also the National Historical Geographic Information System, containing tabular U.S. census data and GIS boundary files from 1790 to 2000.

League of Nations Statistical Yearbooks. From Northwestern University. Digital League of Nations statistical yearbooks from 1926-1944.  Includes data on population, commerce, public finance, currency, production, prices and more. 

Maddison Project Database.  Project by a group of colleagues of Angus Maddison, with the aim to continue Maddison's work on measuring long-term economic performance for different regions, time periods and subtopics. 

Mergent ArchivesCorporate and industry related documents from the Moody's Corporate and Government/Municipal Manuals from 1909 to the present day.

Montevideo Oxford Latin American Economic History Database (Moxlad). Statistical series for a range of economic and social indicators covering countries in Latin America for the twentieth century and beyond. 

NBER DataEnormous collection of historical data: macroeconomics, history, international trade and finance, healthcare, finance, more.

Statistical Abstracts of the United States. Summary statistics of data collected by US agencies with source notes leading to more detailed data and publications. The Census Bureau has volumes from 1901. The St. Louis Federal Reserve has volumes from 1878 to 1949 via the FRASER database.

Total Economy Database.  From the Conference Board. Annual data covering GDP, population, employment, hours, labor quality, capital services, labor productivity, and total factor productivity for over 120 countries in the world.

TRADHIST.Historical Bilateral Trade and Gravity Data set with more than 1.9 million bilateral trade observations for the 188 years from 1827 to 2014.  Includes i) bilateral nominal trade flows, ii) country level aggregate nominal exports and imports, iii) nominal GDP, iv) exchange rates, and v) bilateral factors known to favor or hamper trade, including geographical distance, colonial and linguistic links and bilateral tariffs. The dataset is used to estimate the evolution of trade costs over two centuries.

United Nations Statistical Yearbook. International country data covering the areas of population, labor supply, agriculture, forestry, construction, consumption, transportation, education and trade from 1946. The digital version via UN Data does not contain as many indicators. Also see historic print in the library.

Microdata & Gateways

Center for Microeconomic Data.From the New York Federal Reserve. Databank includes data on consumer finance, student and household debt, credit cards, housing, delinquencies, auto loans and more.  

Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA). Umbrella organization for social science data across Europe. 

Cross National Data Center, Luxembourg.  Includes the Luxembourg Income and Wealth Studies for many countries. Used to study the effects of economic and social policies on poverty, income inequality, employment, and other socio-economic outcome.

Guide to Microdata Use.  Useful guide on sources and uses of microdata, from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Harvard Dataverse Network. Housed at the Institute for Quantitative Social Science (IQSS) at Harvard, this hosts the world's largest collection of social science data research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)Consortium of institutions working to acquire and preserve social science data. Maintained at the University of Michigan, ICPSR receives, processes, and distributes data on social phenomena in 130 countries.

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). From the Minnesota Population Center. Micro-data for censuses from the United States back to 1850 as well as other nations.  

Living Standards Measurement Surveys. From the World Bank.  Data on multiple indicators of household well-being, useful for assessing household behavior and evaluating the effect of government policies on living conditions.

Measure DHS.  From USAID. International microdata on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, gender, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and nutrition. Some data is also available on IPUMs.

National Longitudinal Study of Youth.  Nationally representative surveys that follow individuals from birth cohorts over time. Data on labor markets, schooling, fertility, program participation, health, and more.  

Odum Archive Dataverse. Repository for Louis Harris public opinion data and Roper Center nonproprietary poll data.

Roper Center for Public Opinion Research. Contains domestic and international survey data. The Center's Public Opinion Location Library (iPOLL) gives online access to a database including poll questions asked in US from 1936 to present.

Princeton University Data & Statistical Services Gateway. Guide to microdata by subject and by country.  Some of the sources listed are restricted to Princeton University but many are also freely available or also licensed by UC Berkeley.  

World Bank Central Microdata Catalog. Includes World Bank impact evaluation surveys, living standards measurment surveys, development research micro-data, and more. The World Bank also provides guides on types of microdata useful for policy analysis and interventions.

International Economic

Asian Development Bank Statistical Database System. Statistical Data from the Asian Development Bank (query at the top of the page).

Amadeus.  European financial database containing information on millions of companies from 43 countries. Up to 10 years of detailed information and consolidated statements.

Cross-National Time-Series. Statistical information on a range of countries, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present. It offers a comprehensive extent of variables and country facts. 

CEIC Global. Time series covering countries in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Includes: National Accounts, Industrial, Sales, Construction-Property, Demographic-Labor, Domestic and Foreign Trade, Stock Markets, Banking, Inflation, Monetary, Forex, Investment, and more.

China Data Online. Macroeconomic statistics, city and county data, industrial sector data, and census updates for China. 

Data Planet. Provides access to data from licensed and public domain datasets from local, state and international governments and commercial organizations. Includes selected data from large foreign stock exchanges.

EMIS. Company analysis, industry research, economic reports, forecasts, macroeconomic statistics, deals, and financial reports for emerging markets. Over one million company profiles and ratings from international & local rating agencies.

EPS China Data. Collection of data on China - annual quarterly and monthly data for indicators covering national, county and city statistics

Eurostat. Publications and statistics from the EU, with data in economics, population, agriculture, trade, transportation, the envornment and much more.

Global Financial Data (GFD). Long runs of historical data (over 6,000 series) and macroeconomic trends for over 150 countries: financials, interest rates, exchange rates and more.

Global Consumption DatabaseFrom the World Bank. One-stop source of data on household consumption patterns in developing countries

IMF Elibrary.  Library of IMF publications and statistics, including Key IMF statistical titles and the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 

Indiastat. Statistical data from Indian government and private sources: finance, agriculture, health, housing, transportation, and many other areas.  Note: userid and password required. Please inquire at any Library Reference Desk for assistance.

Jordà-Schularick-Taylor Macrohistory Database.  Macroeconomic data for 17 advanced economies (1870-2016) annually. Comprises 25 real and nominal variables including financial variables such as bank credit to the non-financial private sector, mortgage lending and long-term home prices. 

OECD iLibrary. Data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Includes data on economics and finance, trade, telecommunications, development, foreign aid, migration, and other categories.

Penn World Tables.  Database with information on relative levels of income, output, inputs and productivity (TFP) with country and period coverage. Includes several releases of the data set and documentation.

ProwessDX. Detailed fundamentals data for all listed companies in India. Both private and public companies are included. Also contains data on ownership, governance, and mergers & acquisitions. Note:Registration required from a UC Berkeley IP.  

PRS Country Risk Data. International political risk data, macroeconomic data, and forecasting, including measures of bureaucracy, corruption, civil disorders, ethnic tensions, inflation, terrorism, etc.

Total Economy Database.  From the Conference Board. Annual data covering GDP, population, employment, hours, labor quality, capital services, labor productivity, and total factor productivity for over 120 countries.

UN Data. From the United Nations. Wide range of economic, social, cultural, and demographic indicators: population, environment, health, economics, technology, trade, refugees, and more.

UN ComtradeDetailed trade data from 130 countries, detailed by commodity and partner country. 

UNCTADStat. Includes data on Foreign Direct Investment, remittances, merchandise trade, the information and creative economies, and maritime transport, and trade openness indicators.

UNIDO Statistics Data Portal. International statistical data on industries and mining from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (United Nations Industrial Development Organization International Industrial and Mining Statistics)

Universal Database of Russian Statistics. Statistical publications for Russian and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), from 2003 to the present. Site searchable in English.

World Bank Data CatalogCatalog of  international economic, financial, and socio-economic data sets from the World Bank.  Includes World Development Indicators featuring time series from 1960 for 207 countries for population, labor, education, economics, the environment and more.

World Competitiveness Online. Country profiles and quantitative competitiveness rankings on criteria related to domestic and international economics, government efficiency, talent and training, business efficiency, and infrastructure. About 1/3 of the data are taken from privately administered surveys. See also the online yearbook

World Input-Output Database. Time series of world input-output tables and international supply and use tables; national input-output tables and national supply and use tables; socio-economic accounts; and environmental accounts for 27 EU countries and 13 other major countries.

Demography & Labor

American Community Survey.  Began in 2005, annual survey replacing the census long (15%) sample. Consider using  IPUMS.

American Factfinder (U.S. Census Bureau). Database for online source for accessing population, housing, economic and geographic data from the from the U.S. Census, including the Census of Population and Housing and the American Community Survey.

Foreign Labor Statistics.  From the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Labor statistics derived from the foreign countries& the International Labour Office (ILO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the EU.

Health Nutrition and Population Statistics. Health, nutrition and population statistics gathered from international sources.  From the World Bank.

Human Mortality Database. Detailed mortality and population data for researchers interested in the history of human longevity. From UC Berkeley and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research.

Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). From the Minnesota Population Center. Provides census and survey data from around the world integrated across time and space.  Includes the following:

  • IPUMS USA, U.S. census micro-data with enhanced documentation. Data includes decennialn censuses from 1790 to 2010 and American Community Surveys (ACS) from 2000 to the present. Now includes preliminary complete count data for several censuses up to 1940.
  • IPUMS CPS. Micro-data from the monthly U.S. labor force survey, the Current Population Survey (CPS), from 1962 to the present. Demographic and employment data as well as special topics such as fertility, tobacco use, volunteer activities, voter registration, computer and internet use, food security, etc..
  • IPUMS International.  Census microdata for over 90 countries worldwide.

International Data Base. From the U.S. Census Bureau. Statistics for demographic, and socioeconomic data for countries and areas of the world. Information dates from 1950 to 2050.

ILOSTAT. International labor statistics from 1979 to the present on employment, earnings, wages, migration, strikes and more, from the International Labour Organization.

Longitudinal Employer Household Dynamics. Several data products that characterize workforce dynamics for specific groups. The Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI), LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES), Job-to-Job Flows (J2J), and Post-Secondary Employment Outcomes (PSEO) are available for public use.

  • Quarterly Workforce Indicators. Employment, job creation, earnings, and other measures of employment based on detailed firm characteristics (geography, industry, age, size) and worker demographics (sex, age, education, race, ethnicity) at the state, metropolitan, county, and Workforce Investment Board (WIB) areas.
  • LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES).  Detailed spatial distributions of workers' employment and residential locations and the relation between the two at the Census Block level as well as detail on age, earnings, industry distributions, and local workforce indicators.
  • Job-to-Job Flows. Statistics on worker reallocation in the United States constructed from the LEHD data. The initial release of national data distinguishes hires and separations associated with job change from hires from and separations to non-employment.
  • Post-Secondary Outcomes. Experimental tabulations with earnings and employment outcomes for college and university graduates by degree level, degree major, and post-secondary institution.

Neighborhood Change DatabaseContains US tract-level data from the 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 decennial censuses with variables and tract boundaries that are consistently defined across census years.

Occupational Wages Around the World (OWW). Wages data derived by the NBER from the ILO. Data requires advanced statistical application software.

Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Longitudinal survey of U.S. men, women, and children and the families. Panel data on employment, income, wealth, health, housing, food expenditures, transfer income, and marital and fertility behavior since 1968. 

Penn World Tables. Freely available data on population, national income accounts and prices, from 1950.

Survey Documentation and Analysis (SDA)Program for easy web-based analysis of survey data.

United States Census Bureau.  The principal source of periodic U.S demographic data. Major programs include the Census of Population and Housing available via American Factfinder and the American Community Survey.

UN Data. Wide range of economic, social, cultural, and demographic indicators for most countries and territories of the world.

World Development Indicators. Primary World Bank collection of development indicators.

UN Demographic Yearbook System. Statistics on population, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, educational attainment, housing, ethnicity, language, and foreign-born and foreign populations by country from 1948.

United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.  (BLS). Data on inflation and prices, unemployment, productivity, wages, and much more. The BLS manages the Current Population Survey (see IPUMSNational Longitudinal Surveys, and the Current Employment Statistics Program (Employment, Hours and Earnings).

International Trade

Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD). Cooperative effort from the FAO, World Bank, EU, OECD and other international organizations. Registration required.

CEPII.  Collection of world trade database with accompanying trade models built by CEPII, a French international trade research center. All databases are free except Except BACI - users have to demonstrate their organization has a UN Comtrade subscription (UC Berkeley subscribes).

Center for International Data (UC Davis). Includes U.S. Import and export data from 1974 to 2001, US Tarrif data NBER-United Nations Trade Data, 1962-2000 and other variables. Files are in zip format and require data documentation.

UN COMTRADE.  Detailed commodity trade data between countries from 1962. This is the world's largest depository of international trade data.

Direction of Trade Statistics. From the IMF. Annual, quarterly, and monthly data on the value of exports and imports by trade partners for countries, areas and world aggregates, from 1980 to present. For data from 1948 to 1980 consult the Direction of Trade Statistics Historical CD ROM.

Foreign Trade Statistics. Monthly statistical reports, imports and exports by country, trade balances, commodity trade.  Also contains historical data back to 1991, from the U.S. Census Bureau.

International Trade and Market Access Data.  Detailed international merchandise trade data (automobiles, chemicals, machinery) by country of manufacture and destination.  Also has tariff information.  

ITIP Services.  Linked databases that provide information on member  commitments under the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), services commitments in regional trade agreements (RTA).  See the statistics section for Trade in Services.

OECD iLibrary. Statistics section includes access to monthly statistics of international trade aggregates and detailed international trade statistics by commodity.

Services Trade Restrictions Database.   World Bank database that provides comparable information on services trade policy measures for 103 countries, 18 service sectors (covering telecommunications, finance, transportation, retail and professional services).

UNCTADStat. From the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development. See also the World Investment Directory, which offers FDI data by country. Includes international commodity price data

UNCTAD-Eora Global Value Chain Database. Explore trends and patterns in international production through the analysis of global value chains (GVCs), i.e. fragmented and geographically dispersed production processes where different stages are located across different countries.

United Nations Service Trade.  Resident to non-resident trade in services broken down by EBOPS category and partner country annually.  Free registration is required.

USA Trade Online. Specific U.S. export and import information on more than 18,000 commodities worldwide at the U.S. state and port level.

WTO Tariff Data. Offers two databases: one for tariff rates at the highest level of detail, import statistics and the ability to analyze interactively.  Another provides standard statistics,in less detail but with the ability to compare between countries.

WTO Trade Statistics. Interactive database with data on the following:

World Integrated Trade Solutions (WITS). Statistics on trade in merchandise and commercial services at the world and regional level. Register for use with your Berkeley email address. 

Foreign Investment

CEIC. UC Berkeley subscribes to premium data sets for China, India, Brazil and Indonesia.  Scroll through the menus or search for the investment folders. Very detailed data by sector and "target" country.

CEPII. Collection of world trade database with accompanying trade models built by CEPII, a French international trade research center.  Data are provided by UN COMTRADE, ILO and others. Users have to demonstrate their organization has a UN Comtrade subscription (UC Berkeley subscribes).

China Global Investment Tracker.  Created by conservative think tanks, this tracks large Chinese investments and contracts worldwide. Details are available on over 1100 attempted transactions -- failed and successful – valued at more than $100 million in all industries.

Eurostat Direct Investments.  Includes direct investment flow breakdowns by partner country and economic activity

International Monetary Fund, Coordinated Direct Investment Survey. Also available on Data Planet and CEIC. Indicate country/region and counterpart country/region when constructing the query.

International Trade Center Market Analysis Tools. UC Berkeley subscribes, register to access additional detailed data from the Trade Map and the Investment Map. 

OECD iLibrary. Includes Foreign Direct Investment Data by country (using directional principle) partner country and in some cases by economics activity for OECD Member Countries.

UNCTADStat. Aggregate Foreign Direct Investment Flows and Stocks by country for historical periods.  UNCTAD also has a limited series of bilateral FDI Statistics and Country Fact Sheets. Additional information can be obtained from their annual World Investment Report  (see the Annex Tables). 

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. International Investment Position. Detailed data on foreign direct investment involving the United States.

Environmental Economics

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). Provides data and other information on the changing relationship between human beings and the environment. See especially the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center

Centre for PRTR Data.  Includes PRTR (Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers; USA version is the Toxic Release Inventory - TRI) data from selected OECD countries.

Environmental Data Explorer. Portal to a wealth of international and regional data on the environment including agriculture, air quality, biodiversity, coral reefs, endangered and threatened species, emissions, forests, human settlements, land use, ozone, pesticides, and weather.

Exiobase.  Global, detailed Multi-regional Environmental Input/Output database for a large number of countries, estimating emissions and extractions by industry. 

Gemstar Global Water Database. Surface and ground water quality data sets collected from the GEMS/Water Global Network.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Data related to population, economic development, technology and natural resources for use in climate impact assessments.

International Energy Agency. Detailed international data on coal, electricity, natural gas,oil, renewables, carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, energy prices and taxes, and forecasts.

RICE model. Examines alternative outcomes for emissions, climate change, and damages under different policy scenarios.

World Bank Climate Change Data. Large collection of climate change data from the world bank, from forest areas to CO2 emissions to urban populations.

World Bank. Data and Statistics. Environment. Various international, regional, and country data on various aspects of the environment.

World Input-Output Database (WIOD). Time series of world input-output tables and international supply and use tables; national input-output tables and national supply and use tables for 27 EU countries and 13 other major countries from 2000. 

World Resources Institute. Flagship publication is World Resources Report which provides an overview of environmental trends. Includes many data tables and datasets.

Data Visualization Sources

Comtrade Data Visualizations. Data visualizations from a variety of sources  using UN Comtrade international trade data.

Curated List of Data Visualization Tools.  A variety of sources, some free some priced.

Data USA.  Ready to use data visualizations created from US Government Sources, in particular the American Community Survey.

International Trade and Market Access Data Interactive Tool.  Merchandise and trade in services interactive mapping tool from the WTO.

IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System, Contains aggregate U.S. census data and GIS boundary files for each census from 1790 to 2000.

PolicyMap. US demographic and socioeconomic data from the neighborhood census block to national levels: includes neighborhood conditions, real estate, income, jobs, education, crime, and health.

SimplyAnalytics. Requires user registration. Enables users to quickly create professional quality thematic maps and reports using extensive demographic, business and other data.

Social Explorer. Current and historical census data and other social science data (crime, religion, health and more).  Lets users create maps and reports to illustrate, analyze demographic and social change. 

Financial Data & Fundamentals

Amadeus.  Pan-European financial database containing information on approximately 20 million companies from 43 countries, including all the EU countries and Eastern Europe. Up to 10 years of detailed information and consolidated statements provided when available. From Bureau Van Dyck

Billion Prices Project. Publicly available retail price data from large outlets in several countries for limited years.

CEIC Global. Database of over 400,000 time series covering a growing list of countries in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Data items include: National Accounts, Industrial, Sales, Construction-Property,  Domestic and Foreign Trade, Stock Markets, Banking, Inflation, Monetary, Forex, Investment, and more.

Factset.  A comprehensive platform used to analyze financial data from global equity and fixed income markets, and public and private companies. Requires registration, UCB Students Staff and Faculty only.

Global Financial Data. Extremely long runs of historical data on U.S. stock prices and macroeconomic data for the U.S. and foreign countries. Long-term Financial, Interest Rate, United States Daily Stock Market, Global Stock Market, Total Return, Annual Data, and Dow Jones Industrial Average Intraday.

IMF Annual Report on Exchange Agreements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAR) Database.  Tracks exchange and trade arrangements for all 186 IMF member countries, along with territories of member countries, offering a comprehensive description of exchange and trade systems beyond exchange restrictions or exchange controls.

Infogroup United States Historical Business Data. Geo-coded records of millions of US businesses with basic information on each entity, such as contact information, industry, revenues, employees, and other data annually from 1997-2018. Data files are compressed and software such as 7-Zip is required to unzip the archives. ​The following files for using the data can also be accessed from the link above.

  • Layout Files in Excel and PDF formats.
  • Business Data Compilation (PPT) – InfoGroup slidedeck reviewing data collection practices.
  • Assignment of SIC and NAICS codes (PDF)
  • InfoGroup NAICS to SIC conversion (Excel)

International Financial Statistics. Financial, trade, and national accounts statistics by country. Historical data is available back to 1948 and is reported in various time frequencies, including monthly and annual statistics.

Mergent Online. Source fot public company financials and SEC documents. Income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements. Includes historic Moody's Manuals which include corporate histories, financial statements, subsidiaries, long-term debt, etc.

Orbis/Mint Global. Contains information on over 200 million companies worldwide, both private and public. Data is standardized for easy cross-border comparisons. Includes companies' financial accounts, credit scores from a number of independent providers, directorships, ownership structures, and details of mergers and acquisitions activity.

S&P NetAdvantage. Reports and data about companies and industries, including industry and company profiles, stock, bond, and mutual fund analysis, and economic forecasts. Use the screening tool to obtain company fundamentals by industry for US states and countries.

S&P Capital IQAvailable to currently enrolled UCB students, faculty, and staff. Create an individual login before using; does not require EZProxy.  Public and private company financials and filings, private company information and investment details, M&A, industry surveys, screening and charting.

Pitchbook. Available to currently enrolled UCB students, faculty, and staff. Create an individual login before using.  Private equity and venture capital transactions and trends. Screen for investments, firms, funds, and portfolio companies.

Wharton Research Data Service (WRDS). Web-based business data service from The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, providing access to financial, economic, and company data.  Restricted to current UCB Students Staff and Faculty: after registering a password will be sent by email.

  • Bank Regulatory. Databases for regulated depository financial institutions with accounting data for bank holding companies, commercial banks, savings banks, and savings and loans institutions.
  • Bureau Van Dyck. Contains fundamentals information on around 21 million public and private companies across Europe for the current ten years. 
  • Compustat.  Fundamental data for companies trading on all major United States exchanges. Most files contain annual data, but there are also quarterly files.Data date back to 1950. Compustat Global contains fundamental data for major companies on international exchanges back to 1987, as well as constituent lists for major overseas indexes - see  the Compustat Constituent Lists Global from Princeton University.  Also executive Compensation has data on compensation for officers of S&P 500 companies from 1992.
  • CRSP. Most comprehensive collection of security price, return, and volume data for the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ stock markets. The Stock Database contains daily and monthly prices on all listed NYSE, Amex, and NASDAQ stocks as well as Historical Indices, US Treasury and Inflation Series and Mutual Funds.
  • I/B/E/S. Historical earnings estimate database containing analyst estimates for more than 20 forecast measures, covering both U.S. and international companies.
  • Event Studies and Intraday Data - WRDS Intraday Database contains stock market indicators obtained from NYSE TAQ data. Use the "event study" data sets and special software (Eventus) to upload and analyze your own events.
  • MSCI. Provides in-depth research, ratings and analysis of environmental, social and governance-related business practices to companies worldwide.  
  • Option Metrics. Historical options data used for analyzing market movement before mergers and acquisitions; exploring relationships between option prices and daily stock returns, and investigating possible cases of insider trading.
  • TRACE: OTC Corporate Bond and Agency Debt Bond Transaction Data, including securitized debt.
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